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  Holistic Processing of Static and Moving Faces

Zhao, M., & Bülthoff, I. (2017). Holistic Processing of Static and Moving Faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 43(7), 1020-1035. doi:10.1037/xlm0000368.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-C2E5-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-C2E6-1
Genre: Journal Article

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Zhao, M1, 2, 3, Author              
Bülthoff, I1, 2, 3, Author              
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1Project group: Recognition & Categorization, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528707              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
3Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              

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 Abstract: Humans’ face ability develops and matures with extensive experience in perceiving, recognizing, and interacting with faces that move most of the time. However, how facial movements affect 1 core aspect of face ability—holistic face processing—remains unclear. Here we investigated the influence of rigid facial motion on holistic and part-based face processing by manipulating the presence of facial motion during study and at test in a composite face task. The results showed that rigidly moving faces were processed as holistically as static faces (Experiment 1). Holistic processing of moving faces persisted whether facial motion was presented during study, at test, or both (Experiment 2). Moreover, when faces were inverted to eliminate the contributions of both an upright face template and observers’ expertise with upright faces, rigid facial motion facilitated holistic face processing (Experiment 3). Thus, holistic processing represents a general principle of face perception that applies to both static and dynamic faces, rather than being limited to static faces. These results support an emerging view that both perceiver-based and face-based factors contribute to holistic face processing, and they offer new insights on what underlies holistic face processing, how information supporting holistic face processing interacts with each other, and why facial motion may affect face recognition and holistic face processing differently.

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 Dates: 2017-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1037/xlm0000368
BibTex Citekey: ZhaoB2016_4
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Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 43 (7) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1020 - 1035 Identifier: -