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  Stress modification as exemplified in irritated bowel syndrome

Walter, M. (2017). Stress modification as exemplified in irritated bowel syndrome. Journal of Neural Transmission, 124(10), 1-2.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-C54C-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-0116-5
Genre: Meeting Abstract

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Walter, M1, Author              
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1Universität Tübingen, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Objective: Neurexan®, a natural pharmaceutical product, is composed of passionflower, oats, coffee and zinc valerianate. It has been investigated in acute stressed subjects. Stress initiates changes in functional connectivity (FC) between amygdala and cortical regions. The functional integrity can be assessed via amygdala-centered resting-state (rs) FC. Amygdala is involved in developing fear and emotions and its reactivity to negative stimuli associates with stress regulation. It can be assessed with the Hariri paradigm. Previous studies reported associations between ongoing variability in Autonomous Nervous System (ANS) tone measured by heart rate variability (HRV) and stress-induced changes in dACC and amygdala FC. In this study we investigated if Neurexan® affects emotional brain response to stress. Methods: Thirty-nine healthy male subjects participated in a doubleblind, randomized, placebo-controlled, within-subject cross-over fMRI study assessing Neurexan® effects at 3 Tesla. In each session, an 11 min rs-measurement was performed at baseline, after single dose of Neurexan® or placebo and after exposure to psychosocial stress. The emotional Hariri paradigm was measured after intake of verum or placebo. HRV was recorded continuously during the sessions. Data were preprocessed and analyzed in SPM12 and DPABI. Results: Significant effect of Neurexan® was found on rs-FC between left centromedial amygdala and cortical regions. In the Hariri task, paired t test showed a drug effect in left amygdala, with stronger activations in placebo than Neurexan® condition. Comparing Neurexan® and placebo groups, Neurexan® improved variability in ANS tone in both conditions, prior and after psychosocial stress, compared to baseline. Conclusion: We saw a beneficial effect of Neurexan® on stress-induced brain function. Neurexan® influenced rs-FC of the centromedial amygdala towards cortical regions involved in emotion regulation and reduced the emotional brain response to negative stimuli. The variability in ANS tone during stress task was also improved by Neurexan®.

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 Dates: 2017-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s00702-017-1777-9
BibTex Citekey: Walter2017
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Title: WASAD Congress 2017: Anxiety and Stress -Translational Perspectives
Place of Event: Würzburg, Germany
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Title: Journal of Neural Transmission
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 124 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 2 Identifier: -