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  The benefit of attention-to-memory depends on the interplay of memory capacity and memory load

Lim, S.-J., Wöstmann, M., Geweke, F., & Obleser, J. (2018). The benefit of attention-to-memory depends on the interplay of memory capacity and memory load. Frontiers in Psychology, 9: 184. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00184.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-B90F-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-A220-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Lim, Sung-Joo1, 2, Author              
Wöstmann, Malte1, 2, Author              
Geweke, Frederik2, Author
Obleser, Jonas1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, University of Lübeck, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_751545              

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Free keywords: Auditory working memory; Retrospective attention; Perceptual precision; Psychophysical modeling; Individual differences
 Abstract: Humans can be cued to attend to an item in memory, which facilitates and enhances the perceptual precision in recalling this item. Here, we demonstrate that this facilitating effect of attention-to-memory hinges on the overall degree of memory load. The benefit an individual draws from attention-to-memory depends on her overall working memory performance, measured as sensitivity (d′) in a retroactive cue (retro-cue) pitch discrimination task. While listeners maintained 2, 4, or 6 auditory syllables in memory, we provided valid or neutral retro-cues to direct listeners’ attention to one, to-be-probed syllable in memory. Participants’ overall memory performance (i.e., perceptual sensitivity d′) was relatively unaffected by the presence of valid retro-cues across memory loads. However, a more fine-grained analysis using psychophysical modeling shows that valid retro-cues elicited faster pitch-change judgments and improved perceptual precision. Importantly, as memory load increased, listeners’ overall working memory performance correlated with inter-individual differences in the degree to which precision improved (r = 0.39, p = 0.029). Under high load, individuals with low working memory profited least from attention-to-memory. Our results demonstrate that retrospective attention enhances perceptual precision of attended items in memory but listeners’ optimal use of informative cues depends on their overall memory abilities.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-11-082018-02-022018-02-19
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00184
PMID: 29520246
PMC: PMC5827549
Other: eCollection 2018
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Funding program : Max Planck Research Group Grant
Funding organization : Max Planck Society
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Funding program : BIT-CHAT Grant
Funding organization : Volkswagen Foundation

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 Sequence Number: 184 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: /journals/resource/1664-1078