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  Language continuity despite population replacement in Remote Oceania

Posth, C., Nägele, K., Colleran, H., Valentin, F., Bedford, S., Kami, K. W., et al. (2018). Language continuity despite population replacement in Remote Oceania. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(4), 731-740. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0498-2.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-E7AC-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-E7AD-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Posth, Cosimo1, Author              
Nägele, Kathrin1, Author              
Colleran, Heidi2, Author              
Valentin, Frédérique, Author
Bedford, Stuart2, Author              
Kami, Kaitip W.2, Author              
Shing, Richard, Author
Buckley, Hallie, Author
Kinaston, Rebecca1, Author              
Walworth, Mary2, Author              
Clark, Geoffrey R., Author
Reepmeyer, Christian, Author
Flexner, James, Author
Maric, Tamara, Author
Moser, Johannes, Author
Gresky, Julia, Author
Kiko, Lawrence, Author
Robson, Kathryn J., Author
Auckland, Kathryn, Author
Oppenheimer, Stephen J., Author
Hill, Adrian V. S., AuthorMentzer, Alexander J., AuthorZech, Jana3, Author              Petchey, Fiona, AuthorRoberts, Patrick3, Author              Jeong, Choongwon1, Author              Gray, Russell D.2, Author              Krause, Johannes1, Author              Powell, Adam1, 2, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              
3Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: Recent genomic analyses show that the earliest peoples reaching Remote Oceania—associated with Austronesian-speaking Lapita culture—were almost completely East Asian, without detectable Papuan ancestry. However, Papuan-related genetic ancestry is found across present-day Pacific populations, indicating that peoples from Near Oceania have played a significant, but largely unknown, ancestral role. Here, new genome-wide data from 19 ancient South Pacific individuals provide direct evidence of a so-far undescribed Papuan expansion into Remote Oceania starting ~2,500 yr bp, far earlier than previously estimated and supporting a model from historical linguistics. New genome-wide data from 27 contemporary ni-Vanuatu demonstrate a subsequent and almost complete replacement of Lapita-Austronesian by Near Oceanian ancestry. Despite this massive demographic change, incoming Papuan languages did not replace Austronesian languages. Population replacement with language continuity is extremely rare—if not unprecedented—in human history. Our analyses show that rather than one large-scale event, the process was incremental and complex, with repeated migrations and sex-biased admixture with peoples from the Bismarck Archipelago.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-02-27
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh970
DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0498-2
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Project name : Waves
Grant ID : ERC758967
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Nature Ecology & Evolution
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 731 - 740 Identifier: ISSN: 2397-334X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2397-334X