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  Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski’s horses

Gaunitz, C., Fages, A., Hanghøj, K., Albrechtsen, A., Khan, N., Schubert, M., et al. (2018). Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski’s horses. Science, 360(6384), 111-114. doi:10.1126/science.aao3297.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-F115-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-B540-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Gaunitz, Charleen, Author
Fages, Antoine, Author
Hanghøj, Kristian, Author
Albrechtsen, Anders, Author
Khan, Naveed, Author
Schubert, Mikkel, Author
Seguin-Orlando, Andaine, Author
Owens, Ivy J., Author
Felkel, Sabine, Author
Bignon-Lau, Olivier, Author
Barros Damgaard de, Peter, Author
Mittnik, Alissa1, Author              
Mohaseb, Azadeh F., Author
Davoudi, Hossein, Author
Alquraishi, Saleh, Author
Alfarhan, Ahmed H., Author
Al-Rasheid, Khaled A. S., Author
Crubézy, Eric, Author
Benecke, Norbert, Author
Olsen, Sandra, Author
Brown, Dorcas, AuthorAnthony, David, AuthorMassy, Ken, AuthorPitulko, Vladimir, AuthorKasparov, Aleksei, AuthorBrem, Gottfried, AuthorHofreiter, Michael, AuthorMukhtarova, Gulmira, AuthorBaimukhanov, Nurbol, AuthorLõugas, Lembi, AuthorOnar, Vedat, AuthorStockhammer, Philipp W.1, Author              Krause, Johannes1, Author              Boldgiv, Bazartseren, AuthorUndrakhbold, Sainbileg, AuthorErdenebaatar, Diimaajav, AuthorLepetz, Sébastien, AuthorMashkour, Marjan, AuthorLudwig, Arne, AuthorWallner, Barbara, AuthorMerz, Victor, AuthorMerz, Ilja, AuthorZaibert, Viktor, AuthorWillerslev, Eske, AuthorLibrado, Pablo, AuthorOutram, Alan K., AuthorOrlando, Ludovic, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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 Abstract: The Eneolithic Botai culture of the Central Asian steppes provides the earliest archaeological evidence for horse husbandry, ~5,500 ya, but the exact nature of early horse domestication remains controversial. We generated 42 ancient horse genomes, including 20 from Botai. Compared to 46 published ancient and modern horse genomes, our data indicate that Przewalski’s horses are the feral descendants of horses herded at Botai and not truly wild horses. All domestic horses dated from ~4,000 ya to present only show ~2.7% of Botai-related ancestry. This indicates that a massive genomic turnover underpins the expansion of the horse stock that gave rise to modern domesticates, which coincides with large-scale human population expansions during the Early Bronze Age.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-02-222018
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 4
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/science.aao3297
Other: shh975
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Title: Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 360 (6384) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 111 - 114 Identifier: ISSN: 0036-8075
CoNE: /journals/resource/991042748276600_1