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  On equatorially symmetric and antisymmetric geomagnetic secular variation timescales

Amit, H., Coutelier, M., & Christensen, U. R. (2018). On equatorially symmetric and antisymmetric geomagnetic secular variation timescales. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 276, 190-201. doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2017.04.009.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-31F7-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-31F8-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Amit, Hagay, Author
Coutelier, Maélie, Author
Christensen, Ulrich R.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Planets and Comets, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832288              

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Free keywords: Geomagnetic secular variation Core flow Core-mantle boundary Equatorial symmetry
 Abstract: It has been suggested that the secular variation (SV) timescales of the geomagnetic field vary as (where is the spherical harmonic degree), except for the dipole. Here we propose that the same scaling law applies for SV timescales defined for different symmetry classes of the geomagnetic field and SV. We decompose the field and its SV into symmetric and antisymmetric parts and show in geomagnetic field models and numerical dynamo simulations that the corresponding SV timescales also vary as 1/l, again except for the dipole. The time-average antisymmetric/symmetric SV timescales are larger/smaller than the total, respectively. The difference in SV timescales between these two symmetry classes is probably due to different degrees of alignment of the core flow with different magnetic field structures at the core-mantle boundary. The symmetric dipole SV timescale in the recent geomagnetic field and in long-term time-averages from numerical dynamos is below the extrapolated 1/l curve, whereas before 1965 the geomagnetic dipole tilt was rather steady and the symmetric dipole SV timescale exceeded the extrapolated 1/l curve. We hypothesize that the period of nearly steady geomagnetic dipole tilt between 1810–1965 was anomalous for the geodynamo. Overall, the deviation of the dipole SV timescales from the 1/l curves may indicate that magnetic diffusion contributes to the dipole SV more than it does for higher degrees.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-03-192018
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.pepi.2017.04.009
 Degree: -

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Title: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 276 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 190 - 201 Identifier: ISSN: 0031-9201
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925433411