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  Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), derived from a large German community sample

Hinz, A., Conrad, I., Schroeter, M. L., Glaesmer, H., Brähler, E., Zenger, M., et al. (2018). Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), derived from a large German community sample. Quality of Life Research, 27(6), 1661-1670. doi:10.1007/s11136-018-1844-1.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-22DE-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9ACD-9
Genre: Journal Article


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Hinz, Andreas1, Author
Conrad, Ines2, Author
Schroeter, Matthias L.3, Author              
Glaesmer, Heide1, Author
Brähler, Elmar1, 4, Author
Zenger, Markus5, 6, Author
Kocalevent, Rüya-Daniela7, Author
Herzberg, Philipp Y.8, Author
1Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health (ISAP), University Hospital Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
4Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Mainz, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Applied Human Studies, University of Applied Sciences Magdeburg-Stendal, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Institute and Polyclinic for General Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Helmut Schmidt University of the Federal Armed Forces, Hamburg, ou_persistent22              


Free keywords: Life satisfaction; Psychometrics; Measurement invariance; Normative study; General population
 Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study was to test psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), to provide normative values, and to analyze associations between life satisfaction and sociodemographic and behavioral data. Methods A German community sample (n = 9711) with an age range of 18–80 years was surveyed using the SWLS and several other questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the dimensionality of the SWLS. Invariance across gender and age groups was tested with multiple-group CFA. Associations between SWLS, sociodemographic variables, and behavioral variables were tested with ANOVAs. Results Confirmatory factorial analysis results confirmed that the SWLS is a one-dimensional scale. Measurement invariance across gender was completely confirmed, while concerning age strict measurement invariance was confirmed. The effects of gender and age on satisfaction with life were weak. Satisfaction with life was associated with fatigue (r = − .49), the mental component of quality of life (r = .45), anxiety (r = − .42), dispositional optimism (r = .41), pessimism (r = − .34), sleep quality (r = − .32), and sociodemographic factors such as marital status, income, and occupational status. Non-smokers reported higher life satisfaction than smokers. Conclusions Because of the good psychometric properties, the SWLS can be recommended for use in epidemiological research. Normative values based on a large community sample are provided.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-03-272018-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s11136-018-1844-1
PMID: 29589212
Other: Epub 2018
 Degree: -



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Funding organization : LIFE – Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases at the University of Leipzig
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Funding organization : European Union (EU)
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Funding program : European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
Project name : -
Grant ID : 713-241202 ; 14505/2470 ; 14575/2470
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Free State of Saxony

Source 1

Title: Quality of Life Research
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: Dordrecht : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 27 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1661 - 1670 Identifier: ISSN: 0962-9343
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0962-9343