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  Maximum in density heterogeneities of active swimmers

Schwarzendahl, F. J., & Mazza, M. G. (2018). Maximum in density heterogeneities of active swimmers. Soft Matter, 14(23), 4666-4678. doi:10.1039/c7sm02301d.

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Datensatz-Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3E3C-8 Versions-Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-79BE-2
Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel

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 Urheber:
Schwarzendahl, Fabian Jan1, Autor              
Mazza, Marco G.1, Autor              
Affiliations:
1Group Non-equilibrium soft matter, Department of Dynamics of Complex Fluids, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society, ou_2063308              

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 Zusammenfassung: Suspensions of unicellular microswimmers such as flagellated bacteria or motile algae can exhibit spontaneous density heterogeneities at large enough concentrations. We introduce a novel model for biological microswimmers that creates the flow field of the corresponding microswimmers, and takes into account the shape anisotropy of the swimmer's body and stroke-averaged flagella. By employing multiparticle collision dynamics, we directly couple the swimmer's dynamics to the fluid's. We characterize the nonequilibrium phase diagram, as the filling fraction and Péclet number are varied, and find density heterogeneities in the distribution of both pullers and pushers, due to hydrodynamic instabilities. We find a maximum degree of clustering at intermediate filling fractions and at large Péclet numbers resulting from a competition of hydrodynamic and steric interactions between the swimmers. We develop an analytical theory that supports these results. This maximum might represent an optimum for the microorganisms' colonization of their environment.

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Sprache(n): eng - Englisch
 Datum: 2018-05-022018-06-21
 Publikationsstatus: Im Druck veröffentlicht
 Seiten: -
 Ort, Verlag, Ausgabe: -
 Inhaltsverzeichnis: -
 Art der Begutachtung: Expertenbegutachtung
 Identifikatoren: DOI: 10.1039/c7sm02301d
 Art des Abschluß: -

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Titel: Soft Matter
Genre der Quelle: Zeitschrift
 Urheber:
Affiliations:
Ort, Verlag, Ausgabe: -
Seiten: - Band / Heft: 14 (23) Artikelnummer: - Start- / Endseite: 4666 - 4678 Identifikator: -