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  Ethanol-induced alterations of amino acids measured by in vivo microdialysis in rats: a meta-analysis

Fliegel, S., Brand, I., Spanagel, R., & Noori, H. (2013). Ethanol-induced alterations of amino acids measured by in vivo microdialysis in rats: a meta-analysis. In Silico Pharmacology, 1(7), 1-16. doi:10.1186/2193-9616-1-7.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3F30-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3F31-2
Genre: Journal Article

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Fliegel, S, Author
Brand, I, Author
Spanagel, R, Author
Noori, HR1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Institute of PsychopharmacologyCentral Institute of Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Purpose In recent years in vivo microdialysis has become an important method in research studies investigating the alterations of neurotransmitters in the extracellular fluid of the brain. Based on the major involvement of glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in mediating a variety of alcohol effects in the mammalian brain, numerous microdialysis studies have focused on the dynamical behavior of these systems in response to alcohol. Methods Here we performed multiple meta-analyses on published datasets from the rat brain: (i) we studied basal extracellular concentrations of glutamate and GABA in brain regions that belong to a neurocircuitry involved in neuropsychiatric diseases, especially in alcoholism (Noori et al., Addict Biol 17:827-864, 2012); (ii) we examined the effect of acute ethanol administration on glutamate and GABA levels within this network and (iii) we studied alcohol withdrawal-induced alterations in glutamate and GABA levels within this neurocircuitry. Results For extraction of basal concentrations of these neurotransmitters, datasets of 6932 rats were analyzed and the absolute basal glutamate and GABA levels were estimated for 18 different brain sites. In response to different doses of acute ethanol administration, datasets of 529 rats were analyzed and a non-linear dose response (glutamate and GABA release) relationship was observed in several brain sites. Specifically, glutamate in the nucleus accumbens shows a decreasing logarithmic dose response curve. Finally, regression analysis of 11 published reports employing brain microdialysis experiments in 104 alcohol-dependent rats reveals very consistent augmented extracellular glutamate and GABA levels in various brain sites that correlate with the intensity of the withdrawal response were identified. Conclusions In summary, our results provide standardized basal values for future experimental and in silico studies on neurotransmitter release in the rat brain and may be helpful to understand the effect of ethanol on neurotransmitter release. Furthermore, this study illustrates the benefit of meta-analyses using the generalization of a wide range of preclinical data.

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 Dates: 2013-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1186/2193-9616-1-7
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Title: In Silico Pharmacology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1 (7) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 16 Identifier: -