English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Life in the fast lane: Settled pastoralism in the Central Eurasian Steppe during the Middle Bronze Age

Judd, M. A., Walker, J. L., Ventresca Miller, A. R., Razhev, D., Epimakhov, A. V., & Hanks, B. K. (2018). Life in the fast lane: Settled pastoralism in the Central Eurasian Steppe during the Middle Bronze Age. American Journal of Human Biology, 30(4): e23129. doi:10.1002/ajhb.23129.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-4BE9-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-1BF3-E
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
shh988.pdf (Publisher version), 479KB
 
File Permalink:
-
Name:
shh988.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Private
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Judd, Margaret A., Author
Walker, Jessica L., Author
Ventresca Miller, Alicia R.1, Author              
Razhev, Dmitry, Author
Epimakhov, Andrey V., Author
Hanks, Bryan K., Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Abstract Objectives We tested the hypothesis that the purported unstable climate in the South Urals region during the Middle Bronze Age (MBA) resulted in health instability and social stress as evidenced by skeletal response. Methods The skeletal sample (n?=?99) derived from Kamennyi Ambar 5 (KA?5), a MBA kurgan cemetery (2040?1730 cal. BCE, 2 sigma) associated with the Sintashta culture. Skeletal stress indicators assessed included cribra orbitalia, porotic hyperostosis, dental enamel hypoplasia, and tibia periosteal new bone growth. Dental disease (caries, abscess, calculus, and periodontitis) and trauma were scored. Results were compared to regional data from the nearby Samara Valley, spanning the Early to Late Bronze Age (EBA, LBA). Results Lesions were minimal for the KA?5 and MBA?LBA groups except for periodontitis and dental calculus. No unambiguous weapon injuries or injuries associated with violence were observed for the KA?5 group; few injuries occurred at other sites. Subadults (<18 years) formed the majority of each sample. At KA?5, subadults accounted for 75% of the sample with 10% (n?=?10) estimated to be 14?18 years of age. Conclusions Skeletal stress markers and injuries were uncommon among the KA?5 and regional groups, but a MBA?LBA high subadult mortality indicates elevated frailty levels and inability to survive acute illnesses. Following an optimal weaning program, subadults were at risk for physiological insult and many succumbed. Only a small number of individuals attained biological maturity during the MBA, suggesting that a fast life history was an adaptive regional response to a less hospitable and perhaps unstable environment.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-04-192018
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 23
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh988
DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23129
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: American Journal of Human Biology
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: New York : Alan R. Liss
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 30 (4) Sequence Number: e23129 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1042-0533
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925589373