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  Syntactic processing in music and language: Parallel abnormalities observed in congenital amusia

Sun, Y., Lu, X., Ho, H. T., Johnson, B. W., Sammler, D., & Thompson, W. F. (2018). Syntactic processing in music and language: Parallel abnormalities observed in congenital amusia. NeuroImage: Clinical, 19, 640-651. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.05.032.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-6E2F-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9CEA-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Sun, Yanan1, 2, Author
Lu, Xuejing2, 3, 4, 5, Author
Ho, Hao Tam6, 7, Author
Johnson, Blake W.1, 2, Author
Sammler, Daniela8, Author              
Thompson, William Forde2, 3, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              
2ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              
4CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking, China, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking, China, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Translational Research on New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Italy, ou_persistent22              
7School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              
8Otto Hahn Group Neural Bases of Intonation in Speech, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1797284              

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Free keywords: Music; Language; Syntax; Congenital amusia; ERP
 Abstract: Evidence is accumulating that similar cognitive resources are engaged to process syntactic structure in music and language. Congenital amusia – a neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects music perception, including musical syntax – provides a special opportunity to understand the nature of this overlap. Using electroencephalography (EEG), we investigated whether individuals with congenital amusia have parallel deficits in processing language syntax in comparison to control participants. Twelve amusic participants (eight females) and 12 control participants (eight females) were presented melodies in one session, and spoken sentences in another session, both of which had syntactic-congruent and -incongruent stimuli. They were asked to complete a music-related and a language-related task that were irrelevant to the syntactic incongruities. Our results show that amusic participants exhibit impairments in the early stages of both music- and language-syntactic processing. Specifically, we found that two event-related potential (ERP) components – namely Early Right Anterior Negativity (ERAN) and Left Anterior Negativity (LAN), associated with music- and language-syntactic processing respectively, were absent in the amusia group. However, at later processing stages, amusics showed similar brain responses as controls to syntactic incongruities in both music and language. This was reflected in a normal N5 in response to melodies and a normal P600 to spoken sentences. Notably, amusics' parallel music- and language-syntactic impairments were not accompanied by deficits in semantic processing (indexed by normal N400 in response to semantic incongruities). Together, our findings provide further evidence for shared music and language syntactic processing, particularly at early stages of processing.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-05-222017-12-212018-05-232018-05-24
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2018.05.032
PMID: 30013922
PMC: PMC6022360
Other: eCollection 2018
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : DP130101084
Funding program : Australian Research Council Discovery Grant
Funding organization : Australian Research Council

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Title: NeuroImage: Clinical
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 19 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 640 - 651 Identifier: ISSN: 2213-1582
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2213-1582