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  A multidisciplinary approach to Neolithic life reconstruction

Goude, G., Salazar-García, D. C., Power, R. C., Terrom, J., Rivollat, M., Deguilloux, M.-F., et al. (2018). A multidisciplinary approach to Neolithic life reconstruction. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 26(2), 537-560. doi:10.1007/s10816-018-9379-x.

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 Creators:
Goude, Gwenaëlle, Author
Salazar-García, Domingo Carlos1, Author              
Power, Robert C.2, Author              
Terrom, Johanna, Author
Rivollat, Maïté, Author
Deguilloux, Marie-France, Author
Pemonge, Marie-Hélène, Author
Le Bailly, Matthieu, Author
Andre, Guy, Author
Coutelas, Arnaud, Author
Hauzeur, Anne, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: The expansion of Neolithic stable isotope studies in France now allows distinct regional population-scale food patterns to be linked to both local environment influences and specific economic choices. Carbon and nitrogen isotope values of more than 500 humans and of animal samples also permit hypotheses on sex-biased human provenance. To advance population scale research, we here present the first study that draws together carbon (C), nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and strontium (Sr), dental calculus, aDNA, and palaeoparasitology analysis to infer intra-population patterns of diet and provenance in a Middle Neolithic population from Le Vigneau 2 (human = 40; fauna = 12; 4720–4350 cal. BC) from north-western France. The data of the different studies, such as palaeoparasitology to detect diet and hygiene, CNS isotopes and dental calculus analysis to examine dietary staples, Sr and S isotopes to discriminate non-locals, and aDNA to detect maternal (mtDNA) versus paternal lineages (Y chromosome), were compared to anthropological information of sex and age. Collagen isotope data suggest a similar diet for all individuals except for one child. The provenance isotopic studies suggest no clear differences between sexes, suggesting both males and females used the territory in a similar pattern and had access to foods from the same environments.

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 Dates: 2018-05-30
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 24
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh1002
DOI: 10.1007/s10816-018-9379-x
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Title: Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Dordrecht : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 26 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 537 - 560 Identifier: ISSN: 1573-7764