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  Dose-Dependent Effects of Intranasal Insulin on Resting-State Brain Activity

Kullmann, S., Veit, R., Peter, A., Pohmann, R., Scheffler, K., Häring, H.-U., et al. (2018). Dose-Dependent Effects of Intranasal Insulin on Resting-State Brain Activity. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 103(1), 253-262. doi:10.1210/jc.2017-01976.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-7D31-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-10FE-B
Genre: Journal Article

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Kullmann, S, Author
Veit, R, Author              
Peter, A, Author
Pohmann, R1, 2, Author              
Scheffler, K1, 2, Author              
Häring, H-U, Author
Fritsche, A, Author
Preissl, H, Author              
Heni, M, Author
Affiliations:
1Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497796              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Context Insulin action in the human brain influences eating behavior, cognition, and whole-body metabolism. Studies investigating brain insulin rely on intranasal application. Objective To investigate effects of three doses of insulin and placebo as nasal sprays on the central and autonomous nervous system and analyze absorption of insulin into the bloodstream. Design, participants and methods Nine healthy men received placebo, 40U, 80U and 160U insulin spray in randomized order. Before and after spray, brain activity was assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging and heart rate variability (HRV) was assessed from ECG. Plasma insulin, C-peptide, and glucose were measured regularly. Results Nasal insulin administration dose-dependently modulated regional brain activity and the normalized high-frequency component of the HRV. Post-hoc analyses revealed that only 160U insulin showed a significant difference from placebo. Dose-dependent spill-over of nasal insulin into the bloodstream was detected. The brain response was not correlated with this temporary rise in circulating insulin. Conclusions Nasal insulin dose-dependently modulated regional brain activity with the strongest effects after 160 U. However, this dose was accompanied by a transient increase in circulating insulin concentrations due to a spillover into circulation. Our current results may serve as a basis for future studies with nasal insulin to untangle brain insulin effects in health and disease.

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 Dates: 2018-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1210/jc.2017-01976
BibTex Citekey: KullmannVPPSHFPH2017
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Title: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
  Other : J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Baltimore, Md. : Issued for the Endocrine Society by the Williams & Wilkins Co.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 103 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 253 - 262 Identifier: ISSN: 0021-972X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110992357321228