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  Gravitomagnetic tidal effects in gravitational waves from neutron star binaries

Banihashemi, B., & Vines, J. (2020). Gravitomagnetic tidal effects in gravitational waves from neutron star binaries. Physical Review D, 101: 064003. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064003.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-838D-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-EA93-D
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Banihashemi, Batoul, Author
Vines, J.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1933290              

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Free keywords: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc
 Abstract: Gravitational waves emitted by coalescing binary systems containing neutron stars (or other compact objects) carry signatures of the stars' internal equation of state, notably, through the influence of tidal deformations during the binary's inspiral stage. While the leading-order tidal effects for post-Newtonian binaries of compact bodies in general relativity are due to the bodies' mass-quadrupole moments induced by gravitoelectric tidal fields, we consider here the leading effects due to current-quadrupole moments induced by gravitomagnetic tidal fields. We employ an effective action approach to determine the near-zone gravitational field and the conservative orbital dynamics, initially allowing for arbitrary (not just tidally induced) current-quadrupoles; our approach significantly reduces the complexity of the calculation compared to previous derivations of the conservative dynamics for arbitrary multipoles. We finally compute the leading contributions from gravitomagnetic tides to the phase and (for the first time) the mode amplitudes of the gravitational waves from a quasi-circular binary inspiral, given in terms of the bodies' quadrupolar gravitomagnetic tidal Love numbers (tidal linear response coefficients in an adiabatic approximation). In the phase, gravitomagnetic tides are suppressed by one post-Newtonian order relative to gravitoelectric ones, but this is not always the case for the mode amplitudes. In the $(\ell,|m|)=(2,1)$ and $(3,2)$ modes for example, they appear at the same leading orders.

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 Dates: 2018-05-182020
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 15 pages
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 1805.07266
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/1805.07266
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064003
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Title: Physical Review D
  Other : Phys. Rev. D.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lancaster, Pa. : American Physical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 101 Sequence Number: 064003 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0556-2821
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111088197762258