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  Decoupling of a double‐row 16‐element tight‐fit transceiver phased array for human whole‐brain imaging at 9.4 T

Avdievich, N., Giapitzakis, I., Pfrommer, A., Shajan, G., Scheffler, K., & Henning, A. (2018). Decoupling of a double‐row 16‐element tight‐fit transceiver phased array for human whole‐brain imaging at 9.4 T. NMR in Biomedicine, 31(9), 1-13. doi:10.1002/nbm.3964.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-A8D6-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-F926-C
Genre: Journal Article

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Avdievich, N1, 2, Author              
Giapitzakis, IA1, 2, Author              
Pfrommer, A1, 2, Author              
Shajan, G2, 3, Author              
Scheffler, K2, 3, Author              
Henning, A1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528692              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
3Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497796              

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 Abstract: One of the major challenges in constructing multi‐channel and multi‐row transmit (Tx) or transceiver (TxRx) arrays is the decoupling of the array's loop elements. Overlapping of the surface loops allows the decoupling of adjacent elements and also helps to improve the radiofrequency field profile by increasing the penetration depth and eliminating voids between the loops. This also simplifies the design by reducing the number of decoupling circuits. At the same time, overlapping may compromise decoupling by generating high resistive (electric) coupling near the overlap, which cannot be compensated for by common decoupling techniques. Previously, based on analytical modeling, we demonstrated that electric coupling has strong frequency and loading dependence, and, at 9.4 T, both the magnetic and electric coupling between two heavily loaded loops can be compensated at the same time simply by overlapping the loops. As a result, excellent decoupling was obtained between adjacent loops of an eight‐loop single‐row (1 × 8) human head tight‐fit TxRx array. In this work, we designed and constructed a 9.4‐T (400‐MHz) 16‐loop double‐row (2 × 8) overlapped TxRx head array based on the results of the analytical and numerical electromagnetic modeling. We demonstrated that, simply by the optimal overlap of array loops, a very good decoupling can be obtained without additional decoupling strategies. The constructed TxRx array provides whole‐brain coverage and approximately 1.5 times greater Tx efficiency relative to a transmit‐only/receive‐only (ToRo) array, which consists of a larger Tx‐only array and a nested tight‐fit 31‐loop receive (Rx)‐only array. At the same time, the ToRo array provides greater peripheral signal‐to‐noise ratio (SNR) and better Rx parallel performance in the head–feet direction. Overall, our work provides a recipe for a simple, robust and very Tx‐efficient design suitable for parallel transmission and whole‐brain imaging at ultra‐high fields.

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 Dates: 2018-072018-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/nbm.3964
eDoc: e3964
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Title: NMR in Biomedicine
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Heyden & Son
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 31 (9) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 13 Identifier: ISSN: 0952-3480
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925574973