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  Fracture toughness of Mo2BC thin films: Intrinsic toughness versus system toughening

Soler, R., Gleich, S., Kirchlechner, C., Scheu, C., Schneider, J. M., & Dehm, G. (2018). Fracture toughness of Mo2BC thin films: Intrinsic toughness versus system toughening. Materials and Design, 154, 20-27. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2018.05.015.

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Soler, Rafael1, Author              
Gleich, Stephan2, Author              
Kirchlechner, Christoph1, Author              
Scheu, Christina2, Author              
Schneider, Jochen Michael2, 3, Author              
Dehm, Gerhard4, Author              
1Nano-/ Micromechanics of Materials, Structure and Nano-/ Micromechanics of Materials, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society, ou_1863401              
2Nanoanalytics and Interfaces, Independent Max Planck Research Groups, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society, ou_2054294              
3Materials Chemistry, Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffchemie, RWTH Aachen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Structure and Nano-/ Micromechanics of Materials, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society, ou_1863398              


Free keywords: Amorphous films; Bending tests; Boron compounds; Deposition; Fracture mechanics; Hard coatings; High resolution transmission electron microscopy; Ion beams; Microstructure; Molybdenum compounds; Nanocantilevers; Nanoindentation; Residual stresses; Silicon wafers; Thin films; Transmission electron microscopy, Coating-substrate systems; Degree of crystallinity; Deposition temperatures; Fracture toughness measurements; Micro-structural characterization; Micro-structure evolutions; Single beam; Tensile residual stress, Fracture toughness
 Abstract: The fracture behaviour and microstructure evolution of sputtered Mo2BC films as a function of their deposition temperature is studied. Bipolar pulsed direct current magnetron sputtering was used to deposit Mo2BC thin films onto Si (100) wafers at substrate temperatures ranging from 380 to 630 °C. Microstructural characterization by transmission electron microscopy revealed that increasing the deposition temperature induces larger and more elongated grains, and a higher degree of crystallinity, transitioning from a partially amorphous to a fully crystalline film. The intrinsic fracture toughness of the Mo2BC films was studied by focussed ion beam milled micro-cantilever bending tests. A mild dependency of the intrinsic fracture toughness on the substrate deposition temperature was found. Fractograph analysis showed that the fracture behaviour was dominated by intergranular fracture or by fracture within the amorphous regions. Additionally, nanoindentation based fracture toughness measurements were used to probe the fracture behaviour of the Mo2BC/Si system, where residual stresses define the ‘apparent’ fracture toughness of the system. Depending on the substrate deposition temperature either compressive or tensile residual stresses developed in the films. This causes a relative change in the system toughness by up to one order of magnitude. The fracture experiments clearly reveal that notched cantilevers provide intrinsic toughness values of a material, while nanoindentation probes the toughness of the entire coating-substrate system. The combination of both techniques provides valuable design information for enhancing fracture resistance of Mo2BC films. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-09-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.05.015
BibTex Citekey: Soler201820
 Degree: -



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Title: Materials and Design
  Other : Materials & Design
  Abbreviation : Mater. Des.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: Reigate, Surrey, Eng. : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 154 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 20 - 27 Identifier: ISSN: 0264-1275
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954926234428