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  The production effect and the generation effect improve memory in picture naming

Zormpa, E., Brehm, L., Hoedemaker, R. S., & Meyer, A. S. (2019). The production effect and the generation effect improve memory in picture naming. Memory, 27(3), 340-352. doi:10.1080/09658211.2018.1510966.

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pmem_a_1510966_sm9257.pdf (Supplementary material), 221KB
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The production effect and the generation effect improve memory in picture naming.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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 Creators:
Zormpa, Eirini1, 2, Author           
Brehm, Laurel1, Author           
Hoedemaker, Renske S.1, Author           
Meyer, Antje S.1, 3, Author           
Affiliations:
1Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_792545              
2International Max Planck Research School for Language Sciences, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_1119545              
3Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, External Organizations, ou_55236              

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 Abstract: The production effect (better memory for words read aloud than words read silently) and the picture superiority effect (better memory for pictures than words) both improve item memory in a picture naming task (Fawcett, J. M., Quinlan, C. K., & Taylor, T. L. (2012). Interplay of the production and picture superiority effects: A signal detection analysis. Memory (Hove, England), 20(7), 655–666. doi:10.1080/09658211.2012.693510). Because picture naming requires coming up with an appropriate label, the generation effect (better memory for generated than read words) may contribute to the latter effect. In two forced-choice memory experiments, we tested the role of generation in a picture naming task on later recognition memory. In Experiment 1, participants named pictures silently or aloud with the correct name or an unreadable label superimposed. We observed a generation effect, a production effect, and an interaction between the two. In Experiment 2, unreliable labels were included to ensure full picture processing in all conditions. In this experiment, we observed a production and a generation effect but no interaction, implying the effects are dissociable. This research demonstrates the separable roles of generation and production in picture naming and their impact on memory. As such, it informs the link between memory and language production and has implications for memory asymmetries between language production and comprehension.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20182018-08-242019
 Publication Status: Issued
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2018.1510966
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Title: Memory
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Hove (UK) : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 27 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 340 - 352 Identifier: ISSN: 0965-8211
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925256166