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  Body-relative horizontal-vertical anisotropy in human representations of traveled distances

Hinterecker, T., Pretto, P., de Winkel, K., Karnath, H.-O., Bülthoff, H., & Meilinger, T. (2018). Body-relative horizontal-vertical anisotropy in human representations of traveled distances. Experimental Brain Research, 236(10), 2811-2827. doi:10.1007/s00221-018-5337-9.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-EA9A-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-1843-8
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Hinterecker, T1, 2, Author              
Pretto, P1, 2, 3, Author              
de Winkel, K1, 2, 3, Author              
Karnath, H-O, Author
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Meilinger, T1, 2, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              
3Project group: Motion Perception & Simulation, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528705              
4Project group: Social & Spatial Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528706              

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 Abstract: A growing number of studies investigated anisotropies in representations of horizontal and vertical spaces. In humans, compelling evidence for such anisotropies exists for representations of multi-floor buildings. In contrast, evidence regarding open spaces is indecisive. Our study aimed at further enhancing the understanding of horizontal and vertical spatial representations in open spaces utilizing a simple traveled distance estimation paradigm. Blindfolded participants were moved along various directions in the sagittal plane. Subsequently, participants passively reproduced the traveled distance from memory. Participants performed this task in an upright and in a 30° backward-pitch orientation. The accuracy of distance estimates in the upright orientation showed a horizontal–vertical anisotropy, with higher accuracy along the horizontal axis compared with the vertical axis. The backward-pitch orientation enabled us to investigate whether this anisotropy was body or earth-centered. The accuracy patterns of the upright condition were positively correlated with the body-relative (not the earth-relative) coordinate mapping of the backward-pitch condition, suggesting a body-centered anisotropy. Overall, this is consistent with findings on motion perception. It suggests that the distance estimation sub-process of path integration is subject to horizontal–vertical anisotropy. Based on the previous studies that showed isotropy in open spaces, we speculate that real physical self-movements or categorical versus isometric encoding are crucial factors for (an)isotropies in spatial representations.

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 Dates: 2018-072018-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s00221-018-5337-9
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Title: Experimental Brain Research
  Other : Exp. Brain Res.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 236 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2811 - 2827 Identifier: ISSN: 0014-4819
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925398496