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  Distinct mental trainings differentially affect altruistically motivated, norm motivated, and self-reported prosocial behaviour

Böckler, A., Tusche, A., Schmidt, P., & Singer, T. (2018). Distinct mental trainings differentially affect altruistically motivated, norm motivated, and self-reported prosocial behaviour. Scientific Reports, 8: 13560. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31813-8.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-F48A-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9A6F-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Böckler, Anne1, 2, Author              
Tusche, Anita1, 3, Author              
Schmidt, Peter4, 5, Author
Singer, Tania1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Julius Maximilian University, Würzburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
4Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Cardinal Wyszyński University, Warsaw, Poland, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Affective picture processing; Appraisal; Emotional valence; Event-related brain potentials (ERPs); Relevance; Social content
 Abstract: Global challenges such as climate change or the refugee crises emphasize the necessity of altruism and cooperation. In a large-scale 9-month intervention study, we investigated the malleability of prosociality by three distinct mental trainings cultivating attention, socio-affective, or socio-cognitive skills. We assessed numerous established measures of prosociality that capture three core facets: Altruistically motivated behaviours, norm motivated behaviours, and self-reported prosociality. Results of multiple time point confirmatory factor analyses support the validity and temporal stability of this model. Furthermore, linear mixed effects models reveal differential effects of mental trainings on the subcomponents of prosociality: Only training care and compassion effectively boosted altruistically motivated behaviour. No effects were revealed for norm-based behaviour. Self-reported prosociality increased with all training modules; this increase was, however, unrelated to changes in task-based measures of altruistic behaviour. These findings corroborate our motivation-based framework of prosociality, challenge economic views of fixed preferences by showing that socio-affective training boosts altruism, and inform policy makers and society about how to increase global cooperation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-03-192018-08-212018-09-10
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-31813-8
PMID: 30202029
PMC: PMC6131389
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Project name : Plasticity of the Empathic Brain: Structural and Functional MRI Studies on the Effect of Empathy Training on the Human Brain and Prosocial Behaviour / EMPATHICBRAIN
Grant ID : 205557
Funding program : Funding Programme 7
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
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Funding program : -
Funding organization : Max Planck Society

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 Sequence Number: 13560 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322