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  Early agriculture in Sri Lanka: New archaeobotanical analyses and radiocarbon dates from the early historic sites of Kirinda and Kantharodai (Kandarodai)

Murphy, C., Weisskopf, A., Bohingamuwa, W., Adikari, G., Perera, N., Blinkhorn, J., et al. (2018). Early agriculture in Sri Lanka: New archaeobotanical analyses and radiocarbon dates from the early historic sites of Kirinda and Kantharodai (Kandarodai). Archaeological Research in Asia, 16, 88-102. doi:10.1016/j.ara.2018.06.001.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-058B-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-945B-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Murphy, Charlene, Author
Weisskopf, Alison, Author
Bohingamuwa, Wijerathne, Author
Adikari, Gamini, Author
Perera, Nimal, Author
Blinkhorn, James1, Author              
Horton, Mark, Author
Fuller, Dorian Q., Author
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Sri Lanka, Rice, Millet, Cotton, Agriculture, Archaeobotany, Phytoliths
 Abstract: Archaeobotanical evidence from two Early Historic sites in Sri Lanka, Kantharodai and Kirinda, is reported, providing significant evidence for agricultural diversity beyond the cultivation of rice. These data highlight the potential of systematic archaeobotanical sampling for macro-remains in tropical environments to contribute to the understanding of subsistence history in the tropics. Direct AMS radiocarbon dating confirms both the antiquity of crops and refines site chronologies. Both sites have Oryza sativa subsp. indica rice and evidence of rice crop-processing and millet farming. In addition, phytolith data provide complementary evidence on the nature of early rice cultivation in Sri Lanka. Both Kantharodai and Kirinda possess rice agriculture and a diverse range of cultivated millets (Brachiaria ramosa, Echinochloa frumentacea, Panicum sumatrense, and Setaria verticillata). Pulses of Indian origin were also cultivated, especially Vigna radiata and Macrotyloma uniflorum. Cotton (Gossypium sp.) cultivation is evident from Kirinda. Both sites, but in particular Kirinda, provide evidence for use of the seeds of Alpinia sp., in the cardamom/ginger family (Zingiberaceae), a plausible wild spice, while coconuts (Cocos nucifera) were also found at Kirinda.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-08-102018-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 15
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh1065
DOI: 10.1016/j.ara.2018.06.001
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Title: Archaeological Research in Asia
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 16 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 88 - 102 Identifier: ISBN: 2352-2267