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  Mechanistic Studies of the Cu(OH)+‐Catalyzed Isomerization of Glucose into Fructose in Water

Mensah, J. B., Delidovich, I., Hausoul, P. J. C., Weisgerber, L., Schrader, W., & Palkovits, R. (2018). Mechanistic Studies of the Cu(OH)+‐Catalyzed Isomerization of Glucose into Fructose in Water. ChemSusChem, 11(15), 2579-2586. doi:10.1002/cssc.201800483.

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 Creators:
Mensah, Joel B.1, Author
Delidovich, Irina1, Author
Hausoul, Peter J. C.1, Author
Weisgerber, Laurent1, Author
Schrader, Wolfgang2, Author           
Palkovits, Regina1, Author
Affiliations:
1Institut für Technische und Makromolekulare Chemie (ITMC), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Service Department Schrader (MS), Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445629              

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Free keywords: biomass conversion; catalysis; copper; glucose isomerization; Lewis acid
 Abstract: The isomerization of glucose to fructose is a crucial interim step in the processing of biomass to renewable fuels and chemicals. This study investigates the copper‐catalyzed glucose–fructose isomerization in water, focusing on insights into the roles of the dissolved copper species. Depending on the pH, the thermodynamic equilibrium shifted towards one or a few copper species, namely Cu2+, Cu(OH)+, and Cu(OH)2. According to thermodynamics, the highest concentration of Cu(OH)+ is at pH 5.3, at which the highest fructose yield of 16 % is achieved. The obtained fructose yields strongly correlate with the concentration of Cu(OH)+. A pH decrease of 2–3 units was observed during the reaction, resulting in the deactivation of the catalyst through hydrolysis in acidic media. Based on the results of the catalytic experiments, as well as spectroscopic and spectrometric studies, we propose Cu(OH)+ as an active Lewis‐acidic species following an intramolecular 1,2‐hydride shift.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-03-072018-06-092018-08-09
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 8
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201800483
 Degree: -

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Title: ChemSusChem
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Weinheim : Wiley-VCH
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (15) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2579 - 2586 Identifier: ISSN: 1864-5631
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1864-5631