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  Walking improves your cognitive map in environments that are large-scale and large in extent

Ruddle, R., Volkova, E., & Bülthoff, H. (2011). Walking improves your cognitive map in environments that are large-scale and large in extent.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-0B24-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-0B25-9
Genre: Meeting Abstract

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 Creators:
Ruddle, RA1, 2, Author              
Volkova, E1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
2Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              

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 Abstract: This study investigated the effect of body-based information (proprioception, etc.) when participants navigated large-scale virtual marketplaces that were either small (Experiment 1) or large in extent (Experiment 2). Extent refers to the size of an environment, whereas scale refers to whether people have to travel through an environment to see the detail necessary for navigation. Each participant was provided with full body-based information (walking through the virtual marketplaces in a large tracking hall or on an omni-directional treadmill), just the translational component of body-based information (walking on a linear treadmill, but turning with a joystick), just the rotational component (physically turning but using a joystick to translate) or no body-based information (joysticks to translate and rotate). In large and small environments translational body-based information significantly improved the accuracy of participants’ cognitive maps, measured using estimates of direction and relative straight line distance but, on its own, rotational body-based information had no effect. In environments of small extent, full body-based information also improved participants’ navigational performance. The experiments show that locomotion devices such as linear treadmills would bring substantial benefits to virtual environment applications where large spaces are navigated, and theories of human navigation need to reconsider the contribution made by body-based information, and distinguish between environmental scale and extent.

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 Dates: 2011-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: 30th ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2012)
Place of Event: Austin, TX, USA
Start-/End Date: 2011-05-05 - 2011-05-10

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