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  The global geography of human subsistence

Gavin, M. C., Kavanagh, P. H., Haynie, H. J., Bowern, C., Ember, C. R., Gray, R. D., et al. (2018). The global geography of human subsistence. Royal Society Open Science, 5(9): 171897. doi:10.1098/rsos.171897.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-5158-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-5159-F
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Gavin, Michael C.1, Author              
Kavanagh, Patrick H., Author
Haynie, Hannah J., Author
Bowern, Claire, Author
Ember, Carol R., Author
Gray, Russell D.1, Author              
Jordan, Fiona M., Author
Kirby, Kathryn1, Author              
Kushnick, Geoff, Author
Low, Bobbi S., Author
Vilela, Bruno, Author
Botero, Carlos A., Author
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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 Abstract: How humans obtain food has dramatically reshaped ecosystems and altered both the trajectory of human history and the characteristics of human societies. Our species' subsistence varies widely, from predominantly foraging strategies, to plant-based agriculture and animal husbandry. The extent to which environmental, social and historical factors have driven such variation is currently unclear. Prior attempts to resolve long-standing debates on this topic have been hampered by an over-reliance on narrative arguments, small and geographically narrow samples, and by contradictory findings. Here we overcome these methodological limitations by applying multi-model inference tools developed in biogeography to a global dataset (818 societies). Although some have argued that unique conditions and events determine each society's particular subsistence strategy, we find strong support for a general global pattern in which a limited set of environmental, social and historical factors predicts an essential characteristic of all human groups: how we obtain our food.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-09-26
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh1088
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.171897
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Title: Royal Society Open Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Royal Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5 (9) Sequence Number: 171897 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2054-5703
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2054-5703