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  Evidence of increasing intensity of food processing during the Upper Paleolithic of Western Eurasia

Power, R. C., & Williams, F. L. (2018). Evidence of increasing intensity of food processing during the Upper Paleolithic of Western Eurasia. Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology, 1(4), 281-301. doi:10.1007/s41982-018-0014-x.

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 Creators:
Power, Robert C.1, Author              
Williams, Frank L’Engle, Author
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1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: Archaeologists have suggested that subsistence is central to understanding the population trajectory of Middle Paleolithic Neanderthals and Upper Paleolithic modern humans in western Eurasia. Zooarchaeology and stable isotope data have revealed that hunting supplied most of the protein requirements for Middle Paleolithic Neanderthals and early Upper Paleolithic modern humans. However, the application of dental wear, archaeobotany, and other techniques have shown that plants were an important part of the diet in both Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies in warm and cool regions of western Eurasia. Some lines of evidence have indicated that both groups potentially used a relatively similar range of plants even though this contradicts expectations from optimal foraging theory and diet breadth models positing that Middle Paleolithic societies used fewer plant foods. In this contribution, we identify evidence for increases in the use of Upper Paleolithic processing of plant foods in western Eurasia. We propose that increases in human population density throughout the Upper Paleolithic and especially during the late glacial period were supported by the more frequent use of plant food processing technologies, rather than the use of new plant food taxa.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-09-262018-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 21
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s41982-018-0014-x
Other: shh1089
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Title: Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 281 - 301 Identifier: ISSN: 2520-8217