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  Effects of visual stimulus characteristics and individual differences in heading estimation

de Winkel, K., Kurtz, M., & Bülthoff, H. (2018). Effects of visual stimulus characteristics and individual differences in heading estimation. Journal of Vision, 18(11): 9, pp. 1-17. doi:10.1167/18.11.9.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-5FB1-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-5FB2-B
Genre: Journal Article

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de Winkel, K1, 2, Author              
Kurtz, M1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Visual heading estimation is subject to periodic patterns of constant (bias) and variable (noise) error. The nature of the errors, however, appears to differ between studies, showing underestimation in some, but overestimation in others. We investigated whether field of view (FOV), the availability of binocular disparity cues, motion profile, and visual scene layout can account for error characteristics, with a potential mediating effect of vection. Twenty participants (12 females) reported heading and rated vection for visual horizontal motion stimuli with headings ranging the full circle, while we systematically varied the above factors. Overall, the results show constant errors away from the fore-aft axis. Error magnitude was affected by FOV, disparity, and scene layout. Variable errors varied with heading angle, and depended on scene layout. Higher vection ratings were associated with smaller variable errors. Vection ratings depended on FOV, motion profile, and scene layout, with the highest ratings for a large FOV, cosine-bell velocity profile, and a ground plane scene rather than a dot cloud scene. Although the factors did affect error magnitude, differences in its direction were observed only between participants. We show that the observations are consistent with prior beliefs that headings align with the cardinal axes, where the attraction of each axis is an idiosyncratic property.

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 Dates: 2018-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1167/18.11.9
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Title: Journal of Vision
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Charlottesville, VA : Scholar One, Inc.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 18 (11) Sequence Number: 9 Start / End Page: 1 - 17 Identifier: ISSN: 1534-7362
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111061245811050