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  Cortical tracking of rhythm in music and speech

Harding, E., Sammler, D., Henry, M., Large, E. W., & Kotz, S. A. (2019). Cortical tracking of rhythm in music and speech. NeuroImage, 185, 96-101. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.10.037.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-64CE-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9116-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Harding, Eleanor1, Author              
Sammler, Daniela2, Author              
Henry, Molly3, 4, Author              
Large, Edward W.5, Author
Kotz, Sonja A.1, 6, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2Otto Hahn Group Neural Bases of Intonation in Speech, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1797284              
3Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_751545              
4Brain and Mind Institute, Brain and Mind Institute, London, ON, Canada, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Maastricht University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: EEG; Entrainment; Rhythm; Music; Speech; Music training
 Abstract: Neural activity phase-locks to rhythm in both music and speech. However, the literature currently lacks a direct test of whether cortical tracking of comparable rhythmic structure is comparable across domains. Moreover, although musical training improves multiple aspects of music and speech perception, the relationship between musical training and cortical tracking of rhythm has not been compared directly across domains. We recorded the electroencephalograms (EEG) from 28 participants (14 female) with a range of musical training who listened to melodies and sentences with identical rhythmic structure. We compared cerebral-acoustic coherence (CACoh) between the EEG signal and single-trial stimulus envelopes (as measure of cortical entrainment) across domains and correlated years of musical training with CACoh. We hypothesized that neural activity would be comparably phase-locked across domains, and that the amount of musical training would be associated with increasingly strong phase locking in both domains. We found that participants with only a few years of musical training had a comparable cortical response to music and speech rhythm, partially supporting the hypothesis. However, the cortical response to music rhythm increased with years of musical training while the response to speech rhythm did not, leading to an overall greater cortical response to music rhythm across all participants. We suggest that task demands shaped the asymmetric cortical tracking across domains.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-10-082018-08-222018-10-132018-10-152019-01-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.10.037
PMID: 30336253
Other: Epub 2018
 Degree: -

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Project name : Europe, Brain and Music: New perspectives for stimulating cognitive and sensory processes / EBRAMUS
Grant ID : 238157
Funding program : Funding Programme 7 (FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : French Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Project name : On the origins of grammar: From structural complexity in auditory sequences to syntactic structure
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : Otto Hahn Award
Funding organization : Max Planck Society

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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 185 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 96 - 101 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166