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  Gut dysbiosis with Bacilli dominance and accumulation of fermentation products precedes late-onset sepsis in preterm infants

Graspeuntner, S., Waschina, S., Künzel, S., Twisselmann, N., Rausch, T. K., Cloppenborg-Schmidt, K., et al. (2018). Gut dysbiosis with Bacilli dominance and accumulation of fermentation products precedes late-onset sepsis in preterm infants. Clinical Infectious Diseases, ciy882. doi:10.1093/cid/ciy882.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-67FE-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-67FF-C
Genre: Journal Article

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Graspeuntner, S., Author
Waschina, S., Author
Künzel, S.1, Author              
Twisselmann, N., Author
Rausch, T. K., Author
Cloppenborg-Schmidt, K., Author
Zimmermann, J., Author
Viemann, D., Author
Herting, E., Author
Göpel, W., Author
Baines, J. F.2, Author              
Kaleta, C., Author
Rupp, J., Author
Härtel, C., Author
Pagel, J., Author
Affiliations:
1Department Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445635              
2Guest Group Evolutionary Genomics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445638              

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 Abstract: Background: Gut dysbiosis has been suggested as a major risk factor for the development of late-onset sepsis (LOS), a main cause of mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. We aimed to assess specific signatures of the gut microbiome including metabolic profiles in preterm infants <34 weeks of gestation preceding LOS. Methods: In a single center cohort fecal samples of preterm infants were prospectively collected during the period of highest vulnerability for LOS (day 7, 14, 21 of life). Following 16S rRNA gene profiling, we assessed microbial community function using microbial metabolic network modeling. Data were adjusted for gestational age and use of probiotics. Results: We studied stool samples of 71 preterm infants with LOS and 164 unaffected controls (no LOS/necrotizing enterocolitis). The bacteria isolated in diagnostic blood culture in most cases corresponded to the genera in the gut microbiome. LOS cases had a decelerated development of microbial diversity. Before onset of disease, LOS cases had specific gut microbiome signatures with higher abundance of Bacilli (specifically coagulase-negative Staphylococci, CoNS) and a lack of anaerobic bacteria. In-silico modeling of bacterial community metabolism suggested accumulation of the fermentation products ethanol and formic acid in LOS cases before the onset of disease. Conclusions: Intestinal dysbiosis preceding LOS is characterized by an accumulation of Bacilli and their fermentation products and a paucity of anaerobic bacteria. Early microbiome and metabolic patterns may become a valuable biomarker to guide individualized prevention strategies of LOS in highly vulnerable populations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-10-162018
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciy882
BibTex Citekey: doi:10.1093/cid/ciy882
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Title: Clinical Infectious Diseases
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Chicago, IL : The University of Chicago Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: ciy882 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1058-4838
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925596570