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  Why are algal viruses not always successful?

Horas, E. L., Theodosiou, L., & Becks, L. (2018). Why are algal viruses not always successful? Viruses, 10(9): 474, pp. 1-18. doi:10.3390/v10090474.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-6959-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-695A-4
Genre: Journal Article

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viruses-10-00474.pdf (Publisher version), 829KB
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 Creators:
Horas, Elena L., Author
Theodosiou, Loukas1, 2, Author              
Becks, Lutz2, Author              
Affiliations:
1IMPRS for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445639              
2Emmy-Noether-Group Community Dynamics, Department Evolutionary Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_2068285              

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Free keywords: stressors; algal viruses; intrinsic and extrinsic factors; viral life cycle traits; temperature; sunlight; effects; latent period; burst size; host resistance
 Abstract: Algal viruses are considered to be key players in structuring microbial communities and biogeochemical cycles due to their abundance and diversity within aquatic systems. Their high reproduction rates and short generation times make them extremely successful, often with immediate and strong effects for their hosts and thus in biological and abiotic environments. There are, however, conditions that decrease their reproduction rates and make them unsuccessful with no or little immediate effects. Here, we review the factors that lower viral success and divide them into intrinsicmdash;when they are related to the life cycle traits of the virusmdash;and extrinsic factorsmdash;when they are external to the virus and related to their environment. Identifying whether and how algal viruses adapt to disadvantageous conditions will allow us to better understand their role in aquatic systems. We propose important research directions such as experimental evolution or the resurrection of extinct viruses to disentangle the conditions that make them unsuccessful and the effects these have on their surroundings.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-08-312018-07-302018-09-022018-09-052018
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3390/v10090474
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Title: Viruses
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel : MDPI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 (9) Sequence Number: 474 Start / End Page: 1 - 18 Identifier: ISSN: 1999-4915
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1999-4915