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  Spatiotemporal pattern of appraising social and emotional relevance: Evidence from event-related brain potentials

Schacht, A., & Vrticka, P. (2018). Spatiotemporal pattern of appraising social and emotional relevance: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 18(6), 1172-1187. doi:10.3758/s13415-018-0629-x.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-6BC4-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9B2E-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Schacht, Annekathrin 1, 2, Author
Vrticka, Pascal3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Affective Neuroscience and Psychophysiology Laboratory, Georg Elias Mueller Institute of Psychology, Georg August University, Göttingen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Leibniz-ScienceCampus Primate Cognition, Göttingen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              

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Free keywords: Affective picture processing; Social content; Emotional valence; Appraisal; Relevance; Event-related brain potentials (ERPs)
 Abstract: Social information is particularly relevant for the human species because of its direct link to guiding physiological responses and behavior. Accordingly, extant functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data suggest that social content may form a unique stimulus dimension. It remains largely unknown, however, how neural activity underlying social (versus nonsocial) information processing temporally unfolds, and how such social information appraisal may interact with the processing of other stimulus characteristics, particularly emotional meaning. Here, we presented complex visual scenes differing in both social (vs. nonsocial) and emotional relevance (positive, negative, neutral) intermixed with scrambled versions of these pictures to N = 24 healthy young adults. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to intact pictures were examined for gaining insight to the dynamics of appraisal of both dimensions, implemented within the brain. Our main finding is an early interaction between social and emotional relevance due to enhanced amplitudes of early ERP components to emotionally positive and neutral pictures of social compared to nonsocial content, presumably reflecting rapid allocation of attention and counteracting an overall negativity bias. Importantly, our ERP data show high similarity with previously observed fMRI data using the same stimuli, and source estimations located the ERP effects in overlapping occipitotemporal brain areas. Our novel data suggest that relevance detection may occur already as early as around 100 ms after stimulus onset and may combine relevance checks not only examining intrinsic pleasantness/emotional valence but also social content as a unique, highly relevant stimulus dimension.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-08-212018-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3758/s13415-018-0629-x
PMID: 30132268
PMC: PMC6244740
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Funding organization : Max Planck Society

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Title: Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Austin, TX : Psychonomic Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 18 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1172 - 1187 Identifier: ISSN: 1530-7026
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1530-7026