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  Middle-late quaternary palaeoclimate variability from lake and wetland deposits in the Nefud Desert, Northern Arabia

Parton, A., Clark-Balzan, L., Parker, A. G., Preston, G. W., Sung, W. W., Breeze, P. S., et al. (2018). Middle-late quaternary palaeoclimate variability from lake and wetland deposits in the Nefud Desert, Northern Arabia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 202, 78-97. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.10.010.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-7AE2-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-F4FA-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Parton, Ash, Author
Clark-Balzan, Laine, Author
Parker, Adrian G., Author
Preston, Gareth W., Author
Sung, Wing Wai, Author
Breeze, Paul S., Author
Leng, Melanie J., Author
Groucutt, Huw S.1, Author              
White, Tom S., Author
Alsharekh, Abdullah, Author
Petraglia, Michael D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Pleistocene, Holocene, Paleoclimatology, Paleolimnology, Arabia, Stable isotopes, Luminescence dating, Diatoms, Palaeolithic, Neolithic
 Abstract: Records of former lake and wetland development in present day arid/hyper-arid environments provide an important source of information for palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental studies. In Arabia, such records are typically confined to eccentricity-modulated insolation maxima, and are often spatially and temporally discontinuous. Here we present records from a single locality in Northern Arabia of wetter interludes during both global interglacial and glacial conditions, providing a unique opportunity to examine the nature of these events in a common setting. At Jubbah, in the southern Nefud Desert, lake and wetland deposits reveal the repeated formation of a water body within a large endorheic basin over the past ca. 360 kyr. Lake/wetland formation occurred during MIS 11/9, 7, 5, 3 and the early Holocene, assisted by local topographic controls, and spring recharge. Palaeoenvironmental and palaeoecological data reveal the existence of a large still water body formed during either MIS 11 or 9 (ca. 363 ka), and basin wide alluviation followed by lake formation during MIS 7 (ca. 212 ka). During MIS 5e (ca. 130 ka) a large freshwater lake occupied the basin, while during MIS 5a (ca. 80 ka) the basin contained a shallow wetland and freshwater lake complex. Lake/wetland formation also occurred during early MIS 3 (ca. 60 ka), at the Terminal Pleistocene-Holocene transition (ca. 12.5 ka), and the early-middle Holocene (ca. 9–6.5 ka). Phases of lake and wetland development coincided with human occupation of the basin during the Middle Palaeolithic, Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic periods, highlighting the significance of the region for early demographic change.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-10-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 20
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh1117
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.10.010
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Title: Quaternary Science Reviews
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Pergamon
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 202 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 78 - 97 Identifier: ISSN: 0277-3791
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925505268