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  Processing inflectional morphology: ERP evidence for decomposition of complex words according to the affix structure

Regel, S., Opitz, A., Müller, G., & Friederici, A. D. (2019). Processing inflectional morphology: ERP evidence for decomposition of complex words according to the affix structure. Cortex, 116, 143-153. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.003.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-9376-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-4021-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Regel, Stefanie1, Author              
Opitz, Andreas2, Author
Müller, Gereon2, Author
Friederici, Angela D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Event-related potentials (ERPs); Inflectional morphology; Morphosyntax; Language processing; LAN; P600
 Abstract: This study investigated the processing of inflectional morphology by registrating event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during sentence reading. In particular, we examined nouns combined with affixes that have distinct structural characteristics as proposed by morphological theory. Affixes were either complex consisting of functionally distinguishable subparts as occurring for German plural morphology, or simple consisting of one part only. To test possible differences in processing these affixes we compared grammatical nouns [e.g., Kartons (cartons)] to ungrammatical ones (e.g., *Kartonen) in two different syntactic contexts represented by a complex, or simple affix. The ERPs showed that ungrammatical nouns consisting of complex affixes elicited a left anterior negativity (LAN) reflecting enhanced morphosyntactic processing, which was absent for equivalent nouns consisting of simple affixes. This finding suggests that inflected words are decomposed dependent on the affix structure, whereby the affixes themselves seem to consist of morphological subparts in accordance with current morphological theories (Müller, 2007, Noyer, 1992). Moreover, ungrammatical nouns elicited early (reduced P200) and late (P600) ERP components relative to their grammatical equivalents, which implies an engagement of syntactic processes presumably based on intially enhanced pre-lexical processing of these irregularized nouns. The findings are discussed with respect to theoretical and neuropsychological accounts to inflectional morphology.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-07-102017-12-102018-10-032018-10-112019-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.003
PMID: 30466728
Other: Epub 2018
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : FR 519/19-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Science Foundation (DFG)

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Title: Cortex
  Other : Cortex
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Milan [etc.] : Elsevier Masson SAS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 116 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 143 - 153 Identifier: ISSN: 0010-9452
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925393344