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  Long-term investigation of microbial community composition and transcription patterns in a biogas plant undergoing ammonia crisis

Fischer, M. A., Güllert, S., Refai, S., Künzel, S., Deppenmeier, U., Streit, W. R., et al. (2018). Long-term investigation of microbial community composition and transcription patterns in a biogas plant undergoing ammonia crisis. Microbial Biotechnology, 0(0). doi:10.1111/1751-7915.13313.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-949E-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-949F-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fischer, Martin Alexander, Author
Güllert, Simon, Author
Refai, Sarah, Author
Künzel, Sven1, Author              
Deppenmeier, Uwe, Author
Streit, Wolfgang R., Author
Schmitz, Ruth Anne, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445635              

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 Abstract: Summary Ammonia caused disturbance of biogas production is one of the most frequent incidents in regular operation of biogas reactors. This study provides a detailed insight into the microbial community of a mesophilic, full-scale biogas reactor (477 kWh h?1) fed with maize silage, dried poultry manure and cow manure undergoing initial process disturbance by increased ammonia concentration. Over a time period of 587 days, the microbial community of the reactor was regularly monitored on a monthly basis by high-throughput amplicon sequencing of the archaeal and bacterial 16S rRNA genes. During this sampling period, the total ammonia concentrations varied between 2.7 and 5.8 g l?1 [NH4+?N]. To gain further inside into the active metabolic pathways, for selected time points metatranscriptomic shotgun analysis was performed allowing the quantification of marker genes for methanogenesis, hydrolysis and syntrophic interactions. The results obtained demonstrated a microbial community typical for a mesophilic biogas plant. However in response to the observed changing process conditions (e.g. increasing NH4+ levels, changing feedstock composition), the microbial community reacted highly flexible by changing and adapting the community composition. The Methanosarcina-dominated archaeal community was shifted to a Methanomicrobiales-dominated archaeal community in the presence of increased ammonia conditions. A similar trend as in the phylogenetic composition was observed in the transcription activity of genes coding for enzymes involved in acetoclastic methanogenesis and syntrophic acetate oxidations (Codh/Acs and Fthfs). In accordance, Clostridia simultaneously increased under elevated ammonia concentrations in abundance and were identified as the primary syntrophic interaction partner with the now Methanomicrobiales-dominated archaeal community. In conclusion, overall stable process performance was maintained during increased ammonia concentration in the studied reactor based on the microbial communities? ability to flexibly respond by reorganizing the community composition while remaining functionally stable.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-08-222017-12-132018-08-242018-10-312018-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/1751-7915.13313
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Grant ID : 03SF0421A
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Grant ID : 03SF0421B
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Grant ID : 03SF0421H
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Title: Microbial Biotechnology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 0 (0) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1751-7915
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1751-7915