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  Cortical beta power reflects decision dynamics and uncovers multiple facets of post-error adaptation

Fischer, A. G., Nigbur, R., Klein, T. A., Danielmeier, C., & Ullsperger, M. (2018). Cortical beta power reflects decision dynamics and uncovers multiple facets of post-error adaptation. Nature Communications, 9: 5038. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07456-8.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-A14F-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-0FE4-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fischer, Adrian G. 1, 2, 3, Author
Nigbur, Roland 1, Author
Klein, Tilmann A.1, 4, Author              
Danielmeier, Claudia 5, Author
Ullsperger, Markus1, 3, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Psychology, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Education and Psychology, FU Berlin, Germany , ou_persistent22              
4Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
5School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom , ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Attention; Cognitive control; Decision; Human behaviour
 Abstract: Adapting to errors quickly is essential for survival. Reaction slowing after errors is commonly observed but whether this slowing is adaptive or maladaptive is unclear. Here, we analyse a large dataset from a flanker task using two complementary approaches: a multistage drift-diffusion model, and the lateralisation of EEG beta power as a time-resolved index of choice formation. Fitted model parameters and their independently measured neuronal proxies in beta power convergently show a complex interplay of multiple mechanisms initiated after mistakes. Suppression of distracting evidence, response threshold increase, and reduction of evidence accumulation cause slow and accurate post-error responses. This data provides evidence for both adaptive control and maladaptive orienting after errors yielding an adaptive net effect – a decreased likelihood to repeat mistakes. Generally, lateralised beta power provides a non-invasive readout of action selection for the study of speeded cognitive control processes.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-03-072018-10-292018-11-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07456-8
PMID: 30487572
PMC: PMC6261941
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : KL 2337/2-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Project name : Neurobiologie motivierten Verhaltens / SFB 779
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Project name : -
Grant ID : SAS-2015-LIN-LWC
Funding program : -
Funding organization : CBBS ScienceCampus - Leibniz Association

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Title: Nature Communications
  Abbreviation : Nat. Commun.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 Sequence Number: 5038 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2041-1723
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2041-1723