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  Dynamics of aesthetic experience are reflected in the default-mode network

Belfi, A. M., Vessel, E. A., Brielmann, A., Isik, A. I., Chatterjee, A., Leder, H., et al. (2019). Dynamics of aesthetic experience are reflected in the default-mode network. NeuroImage, 188, 584-597. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.12.017.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-C1BB-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-C1BC-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Belfi, Amy M.1, Author
Vessel, Edward Allen2, Author              
Brielmann, Aenne3, Author
Isik, Ayse Ilkay2, Author              
Chatterjee, Anjan4, Author
Leder, Helmut5, Author
Pelli, Denis G.3, Author
Starr, Gabrielle6, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychological Science, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2421697              
3Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA., ou_persistent22              
5Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna , Vienna, Austria., ou_persistent22              
6Department of English, Pomona College , Claremont, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Neuroaesthetics is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary field of research that aims to understand the neural substrates of aesthetic experience: While understanding aesthetic experience has been an objective of philosophers for centuries, it has only more recently been embraced by neuroscientists. Recent work in neuroaesthetics has revealed that aesthetic experience with static visual art engages visual, reward and default-mode networks. Very little is known about the temporal dynamics of these networks during aesthetic appreciation. Previous behavioral and brain imaging research suggests that critical aspects of aesthetic experience have slow dynamics, taking more than a few seconds, making them amenable to study with fMRI. Here, we identified key aspects of the dynamics of aesthetic experience while viewing art for various durations. In the first few seconds following image onset, activity in the DMN (and high-level visual and reward regions) was greater for very pleasing images; in the DMN this activity counteracted a suppressive effect that grew longer and deeper with increasing image duration. In addition, for very pleasing art, the DMN response returned to baseline in a manner time-locked to image offset. Conversely, for non-pleasing art, the timing of this return to baseline was inconsistent. This differential response in the DMN may therefore reflect the internal dynamics of the participant's state: The participant disengages from art-related processing and returns to stimulus-independent thought. These dynamics suggest that the DMN tracks the internal state of a participant during aesthetic experience.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-11-262018-07-312018-12-092018-12-102019-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.12.017
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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 188 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 584 - 597 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166