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  Investigating salience mechanisms by using the effects of surrounding frame on the tilted-vertical asymmetry in visual search

May, K., & Zhaoping, L. (2004). Investigating salience mechanisms by using the effects of surrounding frame on the tilted-vertical asymmetry in visual search. Perception, 33(ECVP Abstract Supplement), 12.

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May, K, Author
Zhaoping, L1, Author              
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 Abstract: We measured the stimulus duration required to detect target lines that differed in orientation from distractor lines. Tilted targets amongst vertical distractors required shorter durations than vice-versa. Surrounding the stimulus with a square frame tilted by the same amount as the tilted lines reduced or reversed this asymmetry; a vertical frame had no effect. Treisman and Gormican (1988 Psychological Review 95 15 ^ 48) found similar results using reaction times. Li (2002 Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 9 ^ 16) proposed that V1 mechanisms determine salience in visual search. According to this proposal, the advantage for tilted targets could arise from weaker iso-orientation suppression of obliquely tuned V1 cells, since fewer cells encode oblique orientations. The frame effect can be explained by proposing that the sides of the frame inhibit responses to lines parallel to the frame. This predicts no effect of a frame constructed from elements with orientation perpendicular to the side of the frame. This prediction was supported by some subjects, but not others. When alternate frame elements were black and white (on a grey background), so that a large V1 receptive field aligned with the side of the frame would show no response, the frame effect disappeared for some subjects.

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 Dates: 2004-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1068/ecvp04a
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Title: 27th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP 2004)
Place of Event: Budapest, Hungary
Start-/End Date: 2004-08-22 - 2004-08-26

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Title: Perception
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Pion Ltd.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 33 (ECVP Abstract Supplement) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 12 Identifier: ISSN: 0301-0066
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925509369