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  Depth of encoding through observed gestures in foreign language word learning

Macedonia, M., Repetto, C., Ischebeck, A., & Mueller, K. (2019). Depth of encoding through observed gestures in foreign language word learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 33. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00033.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-F851-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-74E9-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Macedonia_Repetto_Ischebeck_2019.pdf (Publisher version), 7MB
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 Creators:
Macedonia, Manuela1, 2, Author              
Repetto, Claudia 3, Author
Ischebeck, Anja 4, Author
Mueller, Karsten5, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Information Engineering, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria, ou_persistent22              
2Max Planck Research Group Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634556              
3Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy, ou_persistent22              
4Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience, Institute of Psychology, Karl Franzens University, Graz, Austria, ou_persistent22              
5Methods and Development Unit Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634558              

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Free keywords: Word learning; Word representation; Depth of encoding; Foreign language; Gesture; Memory; fMRI
 Abstract: Word learning is basic to foreign language acquisition, however time consuming and not always successful. Empirical studies have shown that traditional (visual) word learning can be enhanced by gestures. The gesture benefit has been attributed to depth of encoding. Gestures can lead to depth of encoding because they trigger semantic processing and sensorimotor enrichment of the novel word. However, the neural underpinning of depth of encoding is still unclear. Here, we combined an fMRI and a behavioral study to investigate word encoding online. In the scanner, participants encoded 30 novel words of an artificial language created for experimental purposes and their translation into the subjects’ native language. Participants encoded the words three times: visually, audiovisually, and by additionally observing semantically related gestures performed by an actress. Hemodynamic activity during word encoding revealed the recruitment of cortical areas involved in stimulus processing. In this study, depth of encoding can be spelt out in terms of sensorimotor brain networks that grow larger the more sensory modalities are linked to the novel word. Word retention outside the scanner documented a positive effect of gestures in a free recall test in the short term.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-05-182019-01-082019-01-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00033
PMID: 30761033
PMC: PMC6361807
Other: eCollection 2019
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 33 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078