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  Direct measurements of NO3 reactivity in and above the boundary layer of a mountaintop site: identification of reactive trace gases and comparison with OH reactivity

Liebmann, J. M., Muller, J. B. A., Kubistin, D., Claude, A., Holla, R., Plass-Duelmer, C., et al. (2018). Direct measurements of NO3 reactivity in and above the boundary layer of a mountaintop site: identification of reactive trace gases and comparison with OH reactivity. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(16), 12045-12059. doi:10.5194/acp-18-12045-2018.

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 Creators:
Liebmann, Jonathan M.1, Author              
Muller, Jennifer B. A.2, Author
Kubistin, Dagmar2, Author
Claude, Anja2, Author
Holla, Robert2, Author
Plass-Duelmer, Christian2, Author
Lelieveld, Jos1, Author              
Crowley, John N.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826285              
2external, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: We present direct measurements of the summertime total reactivity of NO3 towards organic trace gases, kNO3OTG, at a rural mountain site (988 m a.s.l.) in southern Germany in 2017. The diel cycle of kNO3OTG was strongly influenced by local meteorology with high reactivity observed during the day (values of up to 0.3 s−1) and values close to the detection limit (0.005 s−1) at night when the measurement site was in the residual layer and free troposphere. Daytime values of kNO3OTG were sufficiently large that the loss of NO3 due to reaction with organic trace gases competed with its photolysis and reaction with NO. Within experimental uncertainty, monoterpenes and isoprene accounted for all of the measured NO3 reactivity. Averaged over the daylight hours, more than 25 % of NO3 was removed via reaction with biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), implying a significant daytime loss of NOx and the formation of organic nitrates due to NO3 chemistry. Ambient NO3 concentrations were measured on one night and were comparable to those derived from a stationary-state calculation using measured values of kNO3OTG. We present and compare the first simultaneous, direct reactivity measurements for the NO3 and OH radicals. The decoupling of the measurement site from ground-level emissions resulted in lower reactivity at night for both radicals, though the correlation between OH and NO3 reactivity was weak as would be anticipated given their divergent trends in rate constants with many organic trace gases.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: ISI: 000442397700003
DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-12045-2018
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Title: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
  Abbreviation : ACP
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Göttingen : Copernicus Publications
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 18 (16) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 12045 - 12059 Identifier: ISSN: 1680-7316
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111030403014016