English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Pollen-inferred regional vegetation patterns and demographic change in Southern Anatolia through the Holocene

Woodbridge, J., Roberts, N. C., Palmisano, A., Bevan, A., Shennan, S., Fyfe, R., et al. (2019). Pollen-inferred regional vegetation patterns and demographic change in Southern Anatolia through the Holocene. The Holocene, 29(5), 728-741. doi:10.1177/0959683619826635.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-0775-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-D024-9
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
shh1171.pdf (Publisher version), 788KB
 
File Permalink:
-
Name:
shh1171.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Private
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Woodbridge, Jessie, Author
Roberts, Neil C., Author
Palmisano, Alessio, Author
Bevan, Andrew, Author
Shennan, Stephen, Author
Fyfe, Ralph, Author
Eastwood, Warren J., Author
Izdebski, Adam1, Author              
Çakırlar, Canan, Author
Woldring, Henk, Author
Broothaerts, Nils, Author
Kaniewski, David, Author
Finné, Martin, Author
Labuhn, Inga, Author
Affiliations:
1Palaeo-Science and History, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2600691              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Southern Anatolia is a highly significant area within the Mediterranean, particularly in terms of understanding how agriculture moved into Europe from neighbouring regions. This study uses pollen, palaeoclimate and archaeological evidence to investigate the relationships between demography and vegetation change, and to explore how the development of agriculture varied spatially. Data from 21 fossil pollen records have been transformed into forested, parkland and open vegetation types using cluster analysis. Patterns of change have been explored using non-metric multidimensional scaling (nMDS) and through analysis of indicator groups, such as an Anthropogenic Pollen Index, and Simpson?s Diversity. Settlement data, which indicate population densities, and summed radiocarbon dates for archaeological sites have been used as a proxy for demographic change. The pollen and archaeological records confirm that farming can be detected earlier in Anatolia in comparison with many other parts of the Mediterranean. Dynamics of change in grazing indicators and the OJCV (Olea, Juglans, Castanea and Vitis) index for cultivated trees appear to match cycles of population expansion and decline. Vegetation and land use change is also influenced by other factors, such as climate change. Investigating the early impacts of anthropogenic activities (e.g. woodcutting, animal herding, the use of fire and agriculture) is key to understanding how societies have modified the environment since the mid?late Holocene, despite the capacity of ecological systems to absorb recurrent disturbances. The results of this study suggest that shifting human population dynamics played an important role in shaping land cover in central and southern Anatolia.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-02-132019-05-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 14
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1177/0959683619826635
Other: shh1171
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: The Holocene
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Sevenoaks, Kent [England] : E. Arnold
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 29 (5) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 728 - 741 Identifier: ISSN: 0959-6836
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925578075_1