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  Physicochemical uptake and release of volatile organic compounds by soil in coated-wall flow tube experiments with ambient air

Li, G., Cheng, Y., Kuhn, U., Xu, R., Yang, Y., Meusel, H., et al. (2019). Physicochemical uptake and release of volatile organic compounds by soil in coated-wall flow tube experiments with ambient air. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(4), 2209-2232. doi:10.5194/acp-19-2209-2019.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Li, Guo1, Author              
Cheng, Yafang1, Author              
Kuhn, Uwe1, Author              
Xu, Rongjuan, Author
Yang , Yudong, Author
Meusel, Hannah1, Author              
Wang, Zhibin1, Author              
Ma, Nan, Author
Wu , Yusheng, Author
Li, Meng1, Author              
Williams, J.2, Author              
Hoffmann , Thorsten, Author
Ammann, Markus, Author
Pöschl, Ulrich1, Author              
Shao, Min, Author
Su, Hang1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Multiphase Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826290              
2Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826285              

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 Abstract: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play a key role in atmospheric chemistry. Emission and deposition on soil have been suggested as important sources and sinks of atmospheric trace gases. The exchange characteristics and heterogeneous chemistry of VOCs on soil, however, are not well understood. We used a newly designed differential coated-wall flow tube system to investigate the long-term variability of bidirectional air–soil exchange of 13 VOCs under ambient air conditions of an urban background site in Beijing. Sterilized soil was investigated to address physicochemical processes and heterogeneous/multiphase reactions independently from biological activity. Most VOCs revealed net deposition with average uptake coefficients (γ) in the range of 10−7–10−6 (referring to the geometric soil surface area), corresponding to deposition velocities (Vd) of 0.0013–0.01 cm s−1 and soil surface resistances (Rc) of 98–745 s cm−1, respectively. Formic acid, however, was emitted at a long-term average rate of ∼6×10−3 nmol m−2 s−1, suggesting that it was formed and released upon heterogeneous oxidation of other VOCs. The soil–atmosphere exchange of one individual VOC species can be affected by both its surface degradation/depletion caused by surface reactions and by competitive uptake or heterogeneous formation/accommodation of other VOC species. Overall, the results show that physicochemical processing and heterogeneous oxidation on soil and soil-derived dust can act as a sink or as a source of atmospheric VOCs, depending on molecular properties and environmental conditions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-2209-2019
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Title: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
  Abbreviation : ACP
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Göttingen : Copernicus Publications
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 19 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2209 - 2232 Identifier: ISSN: 1680-7316
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111030403014016