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  Infants differentially update their internal models of a dynamic environment

Kayhan, E., Hunnius, S., O'Reilly, J. X., & Bekkering, H. (2019). Infants differentially update their internal models of a dynamic environment. Cognition, 186, 139-146. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2019.02.004.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-0F65-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-90F4-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Kayhan, Ezgi1, 2, Author              
Hunnius, S.2, Author
O'Reilly, J. X.3, Author
Bekkering, Harold2, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Early Social Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2355694              
2Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
3Nuffield Department Clinical Neurosciences, FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Surprise; Prediction; Model update; Development; Learning
 Abstract: Unexpected events provide us with opportunities for learning about what to expect from the world around us. Using a saccadic-planning paradigm, we investigated whether and how infants and adults represent the statistics of a changing environment (i.e. build an internal model of the environment). Participants observed differently colored bees that appeared at an unexpected location every few trials. The color cues indicated whether the subsequent bees would appear at this new location (i.e. update trials) or at the same location as previously (i.e. no-update trials). Infants learned the predictive value of the color cues and updated their internal models when necessary. Unlike infants, adults had a tendency to update their models each time they observed a change in the structure. We argue that infants are open to learning from current evidence due to being less influenced by their prior knowledge. This is an advantageous learning strategy to form accurate representations in dynamic environments, which is fundamental for successful adaptation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-01-282017-04-042019-02-042019-02-162019-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.02.004
PMID: 30780046
Other: Epub ahead of print
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Project name : Action research: Improving understanding and methodologies in early development / ACT
Grant ID : 289404
Funding program : Funding Programme 7
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Cognition
  Other : Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 186 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 139 - 146 Identifier: ISSN: 0010-0277
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925391298