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  Untargeted metabolomics approach reveals differences in host plant chemistry before and after infestation with different pea aphid host races

Sanchez Arcos, C., Kai, M., Svatoš, A., Gershenzon, J., & Kunert, G. (2019). Untargeted metabolomics approach reveals differences in host plant chemistry before and after infestation with different pea aphid host races. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 188. doi:10.3389/fpls.2019.00188.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00188 (Publisher version)
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 Creators:
Sanchez Arcos, Carlos1, 2, Author              
Kai, Marco3, Author              
Svatoš, Aleš3, Author              
Gershenzon, Jonathan1, Author              
Kunert, Grit1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Biochemistry, Prof. J. Gershenzon, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, ou_421893              
2IMPRS on Ecological Interactions, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, Jena, DE, ou_421900              
3Research Group Mass Spectrometry, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society, ou_421899              

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 Abstract: The pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum), a phloem-sucking insect, has undergone a rapid radiation together with the domestication and anthropogenic range expansion of several of its legume host plants. This insect species is a complex of at least 15 genetically different host races that can all develop on the universal host plant Vicia faba. However, each host race is specialized on a particular plant species, such as Medicago sativa, Trifolium pratense, or Pisum sativum, which makes it an attractive model insect to study ecological speciation. Previous work revealed that pea aphid host plants produce a specific phytohormone profile depending on the host plant – host race combination. Native aphid races induce lower defense hormone levels in their host plant than non-native pea aphid races. Whether these changes in hormone levels also lead to changes in other metabolites is still unknown. We used a mass spectrometrybased untargeted metabolomic approach to identify plant chemical compounds that vary among different host plant-host race combinations and might therefore, be involved in pea aphid host race specialization. We found significant differences among the metabolic fingerprints of the four legume species studied prior to aphid infestation, which correlated with aphid performance. After infestation, the metabolic profiles of M. sativa and T. pratense plants infested with their respective native aphid host race were consistently different from profiles after infestation with non-native host races and from uninfested control plants. The metabolic profiles of P. sativum plants infested with their native aphid host race were also different from plants infested with non-native host races, but not different from uninfested control plants. The compounds responsible for these differences were putatively identified as flavonoids, saponins, non-proteinogenic amino acids and peptides among others. As members of these compound classes are known for their activity against insects and aphids in particular, they may be responsible for the differential performance of host races on native vs. non-native host plants. We conclude that the untargeted metabolomic approach is suitable to identify candidate compounds involved in the specificity of pea aphid – host plant interactions.

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 Dates: 2019-02-052019-02-28
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: Other: GER544
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00188
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Title: Frontiers in Plant Science
  Abbreviation : Front. Plant Sci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 188 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-462X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664462X