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  Facile Synthesis and Relaxation Properties of Novel Bispolyazamacrocyclic Gd3+ Complexes: An Attempt towards Calcium-Sensitive MRI Contrast Agents

Mishra, A., Fousková, P., Angelovski, G., Balogh, E., Mishra, A., Logothetis, N., et al. (2008). Facile Synthesis and Relaxation Properties of Novel Bispolyazamacrocyclic Gd3+ Complexes: An Attempt towards Calcium-Sensitive MRI Contrast Agents. Inorganic Chemistry, 47(4), 1370-1381. doi:10.1021/ic7017456.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-317B-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-317C-B
Genre: Journal Article

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https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ic7017456 (Publisher version)
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 Creators:
Mishra, A1, 2, Author              
Fousková, P, Author
Angelovski, G1, 2, Author              
Balogh, E, Author
Mishra, AK1, 2, Author              
Logothetis, NK1, 2, Author              
Tóth, É, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
2Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              

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 Abstract: Three novel GdDO3A-type bismacrocyclic complexes, conjugated to Ca2+ chelating moieties like ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid bisamides, were synthesized as potential “smart” magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents. Their sensitivity toward Ca2+ was studied by relaxometric titrations. A maximum relaxivity increase of 15, 6, and 32% was observed upon Ca2+ binding for Gd2L1, Gd2L2, and Gd2L3, respectively (L1 = N,N-bis{1-[{[({1-[1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-10-yl]eth-2-yl}amino)carbonyl]methyl}-(carboxymethyl)amino]eth-2-yl}aminoacetic acid; L2 = N,N-bis[1-({[({α-[1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-10-yl]-p-tolylamino}carbonyl)methyl]-(carboxymethyl)}amino)eth-2-yl]aminoacetic acid; L3 = 1,2-bis[{[({1-[1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-10-yl]eth-2-yl}amino)carbonyl]methyl}(carboxymethyl)amino]ethane). The apparent association constants are log KA = 3.6 ± 0.1 for Gd2L1 and log KA = 3.4 ± 0.1 for Gd2L3. For the interaction between Mg2+ and Gd2L1, log KA = 2.7 ± 0.1 has been determined, while no relaxivity change was detected with Gd2L3. Luminescence lifetime measurements on the Eu3+ complexes in the absence of Ca2+ gave hydration numbers of q = 0.9 (Eu2L1), 0.7 (Eu2L2), and 1.3 (Eu2L3). The parameters influencing proton relaxivity of the Gd3+ complexes were assessed by a combined nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) and 17O NMR study. Water exchange is relatively slow on Gd2L1 and Gd2L2 (kex298 = 0.5 and 0.8 × 106 s−1), while it is faster on Gd2L3 (kex298 = 80 × 106 s−1); in any case, it is not sensitive to the presence of Ca2+. The rotational correlation time, τR298, differs for the three complexes and reflects their rigidity. Due to the benzene linker, the Gd2L2 complex is remarkably rigid, with a correspondingly high relaxivity despite the low hydration number (r1 = 10.2 mM−1s−1 at 60 MHz, 298 K). On the basis of all available experimental data from luminescence, 17O NMR, and NMRD studies on the Eu3+ and Gd3+ complexes of L1 and L3 in the absence and in the presence of Ca2+, we conclude that the relaxivity increase observed upon Ca2+ addition can be mainly ascribed to the increase in the hydration number, and, to a smaller extent, to the Ca2+-induced rigidification of the complex.

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 Dates: 2008-012008-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/ic7017456
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Title: Inorganic Chemistry
  Abbreviation : Inorg. Chem.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 47 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1370 - 1381 Identifier: ISSN: 0020-1669
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0020-1669