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  Attention and mental performance in confinement: Evidence from cognitive psychophysiology

Mecklinger, A., Friederici, A. D., & Güssow, T. (1996). Attention and mental performance in confinement: Evidence from cognitive psychophysiology. In S. L. Bonting (Ed.), Advances in space biology (pp. 183-200). JAI Press. doi:10.1016/S1569-2574(08)60059-3.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-3AB8-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-3AB9-C
Genre: Book Chapter

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 Creators:
Mecklinger, Axel1, Author              
Friederici, Angela D.2, Author              
Güssow, T.1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2MPI of Cognitive Neuroscience (Leipzig, -2003), The Prior Institutes, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634574              

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 Abstract: This chapter discusses the effects of confinement and isolation on mental performance and the allocation of attention. Although the small group sizes made statistically reliable comparisons within each group impossible, the between-group comparisons reveal some important results. The analysis of the performance data, reaction time, and accuracy indicates that mental processes underlying tone classification are differently affected by confinement and isolation. While performance in the conditions with frequent responses was comparable in the experimental and the control group, the responses to rare tones were prolonged for the experimental group. These prolonged responses were associated with a decrease in performance accuracy within the last two weeks of the isolation period. This suggests that the observed performance changes are not because a change of strategy, i.e. a slower reaction to maintain accuracy.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008-08-031996
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/S1569-2574(08)60059-3
PMID: 8814798
 Degree: -

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Title: Advances in space biology
Source Genre: Series
 Creator(s):
Bonting, Sjoerd L.1, Editor
Affiliations:
1 External Organizations, ou_persistent22            
Publ. Info: JAI Press
Pages: XVI, 401 S. Volume / Issue: 5 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 183 - 200 Identifier: ISBN: 1-55938-970-2