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  Constraining the neutron-matter equation of state with gravitational waves

Forbes, M. M., Bose, S., Reddy, S., Zhou, D., Mukherjee, A., & De, S. (2019). Constraining the neutron-matter equation of state with gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 100(8): 083010. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.083010.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-8BBE-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-F799-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Forbes, Michael McNeil, Author
Bose, Sukanta, Author
Reddy, Sanjay, Author
Zhou, Dake, Author
Mukherjee, Arunava1, Author              
De, Soumi, Author
Affiliations:
1Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011              

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Free keywords: Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE,General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc,Nuclear Theory, nucl-th
 Abstract: We show how observations of gravitational waves from binary neutron star (BNS) mergers over the next few years can be combined with insights from nuclear physics to obtain useful constraints on the equation of state (EoS) of dense matter, in particular, constraining the neutron-matter EoS to within 20% between one and two times the nuclear saturation density $n_0\approx 0.16\ {\text{fm}^{-3}}$. Using Fisher information methods, we combine observational constraints from simulated BNS merger events drawn from various population models with independent measurements of the neutron star radii expected from x-ray astronomy (the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) observations in particular) to directly constrain nuclear physics parameters. To parameterize the nuclear EoS, we use a different approach, expanding from pure nuclear matter rather than from symmetric nuclear matter to make use of recent quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) calculations. This method eschews the need to invoke the so-called parabolic approximation to extrapolate from symmetric nuclear matter, allowing us to directly constrain the neutron-matter EoS. Using a principal component analysis, we identify the combination of parameters most tightly constrained by observational data. We discuss sensitivity to various effects such as different component masses through population-model sensitivity, phase transitions in the core EoS, and large deviations from the central parameter values.

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 Dates: 2019-04-082019
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 13 pages, 9 figures + supplement 11 pages
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 1904.04233
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/1904.04233
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.083010
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Title: Physical Review D
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 100 (8) Sequence Number: 083010 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -