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  Defining compulsive behavior

Luigjes, J., Lorenzetti, V., de Haan, S., Youssef, G. J., Murawski, C., Sjoerds, Z., et al. (2019). Defining compulsive behavior. Neuropsychology Review, 29(1), 4-13. doi:10.1007/s11065-019-09404-9.

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 Creators:
Luigjes, Judy1, 2, Author
Lorenzetti, Valentina3, Author
de Haan, Sanneke4, Author
Youssef, George J.5, 6, Author
Murawski, Carsten7, Author
Sjoerds, Zsuzsika8, 9, Author              
van den Brink, Wim1, Author
Denys, Damiaan1, 10, Author
Fontenelle, Leonardo F.11, 12, 13, Author
Yücel, Murat11, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
2Amsterdam UMC Imaging Center, VU University Medical Center, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Culture Studies, Tilburg University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
5School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, ou_persistent22              
6Population Studies of Adolescents, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Finance, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Melbourne, Australia, ou_persistent22              
8Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
9Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
10The Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
11Obsessive, Compulsive, and Anxiety Spectrum Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ou_persistent22              
12D'Or Institute for Research and Education, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ou_persistent22              
13School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Compulsivity; Definition; Phenomenology; Observational perspective
 Abstract: Compulsive tendencies are a central feature of problematic human behavior and thereby are of great interest to the scientific and clinical community. However, no consensus exists about the precise meaning of ‘compulsivity,’ creating confusion in the field and hampering comparison across psychiatric disorders. A vague conceptualization makes compulsivity a moving target encompassing a fluctuating variety of behaviors, which is unlikely to improve the new dimension-based psychiatric or psychopathology approach. This article aims to help progress the definition of what constitutes compulsive behavior, cross-diagnostically, by analyzing different definitions in the psychiatric literature. We searched PubMed for articles in human psychiatric research with ‘compulsive behavior’ or ‘compulsivity’ in the title that focused on the broader concept of compulsivity—returning 28 articles with nine original definitions. Within the definitions, we separated three types of descriptive elements: phenomenological, observational and explanatory. The elements most applicable, cross-diagnostically, resulted in this definition: Compulsive behavior consists of repetitive acts that are characterized by the feeling that one ‘has to’ perform them while one is aware that these acts are not in line with one’s overall goal. Having a more unified definition for compulsive behavior will make its meaning precise and explicit, and therefore more transferable and testable across clinical and non-clinical populations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-01-222019-03-272019-04-23
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s11065-019-09404-9
PMID: 31016439
Other: Epub 2019
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Funding organization : AMC Foundation
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Funding organization : Amsterdam Brain and Cognition (ABC)

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Title: Neuropsychology Review
  Other : Neuropsychology Review : An official publication of the National Academy of Neuropsychology
  Abbreviation : Neuropsychol Rev
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: New York, NY : Springer Science + Business Media
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 29 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 4 - 13 Identifier: CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1040-7308