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  Dated language phylogenies shed light on the ancestry of Sino-Tibetan

Sagart, L., Jacques, G., Lai, Y., Ryder, R. J., Thouzeau, V., Greenhill, S. J., et al. (2019). Dated language phylogenies shed light on the ancestry of Sino-Tibetan. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(21), 10317-10322. doi:10.1073/pnas.1817972116.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-8E3A-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-D403-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Sagart, Laurent, Author
Jacques, Guillaume, Author
Lai, Yunfan1, Author              
Ryder, Robin J., Author
Thouzeau, Valentin, Author
Greenhill, Simon J.2, Author              
List, Johann-Mattis1, Author              
Affiliations:
1CALC, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2385703              
2Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Sino-Tibetan languages, human prehistory, East Asia, peopling, computer-assisted language comparison
 Abstract: Given its size and geographical extension, Sino-Tibetan is of the highest importance for understanding the prehistory of East Asia, and of neighboring language families. Based on a dataset of 50 Sino-Tibetan languages, we infer phylogenies that date the origin of the language family to around 7200 B.P., linking the origin of the language family with the late Cishan and the early Yangshao cultures.The Sino-Tibetan language family is one of the world’s largest and most prominent families, spoken by nearly 1.4 billion people. Despite the importance of the Sino-Tibetan languages, their prehistory remains controversial, with ongoing debate about when and where they originated. To shed light on this debate we develop a database of comparative linguistic data, and apply the linguistic comparative method to identify sound correspondences and establish cognates. We then use phylogenetic methods to infer the relationships among these languages and estimate the age of their origin and homeland. Our findings point to Sino-Tibetan originating with north Chinese millet farmers around 7200 B.P. and suggest a link to the late Cishan and the early Yangshao cultures.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-05-062019-05-21
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 6
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1817972116
Other: shh2220
 Degree: -

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Project name : CALC
Grant ID : 715618
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  Other : Proc. Acad. Sci. USA
  Other : Proc. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  Other : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA
  Abbreviation : PNAS
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : National Academy of Sciences
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 116 (21) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 10317 - 10322 Identifier: ISSN: 0027-8424
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427230