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  From Pragmatics to Sentence Type: Non-topical S/A Arguments and Clause-second Particles in the Kalahari Basin

Güldemann, T., Pratchett, L. J., & Witzlack-Makarevich, A. (2019). From Pragmatics to Sentence Type: Non-topical S/A Arguments and Clause-second Particles in the Kalahari Basin. Gengo Kenkyu, 154, 53-84. doi:10.11435/gengo.154.0_53.

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Güldemann, Tom1, Author              
Pratchett, Lee J., Author
Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena, Author              
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1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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 Abstract: Languages of the Kalahari Basin contact area share a feature whereby a special type of particle occurs in clause-second position, often after the S/A constituent. Previous accounts have used a wide range of labels such as declarative, indicative, emphatic nominative, or topic, which point to a diverse but insufficiently understood functional array of this particle type. We address the phenomenon from a discourse-oriented and comparative perspective by exploring relevant cases in languages of three different families: Northern Khoekhoe of Khoe-Kwadi, Nǁng of Tuu, and Ju of Kxʼa. We conclude that the particles are involved in a network of constructions spanning such diverse domains as nonverbal predication, focus, entity-central theticity, declarative, and possibly even differential S/A marking. The last two functions that relate to sentence types and grammatical relations, respectively, and (may) no longer display a marked information structure (IS) configuration, emerge from the overuse of thetic particle constructions and thus are the result of so-called “depragmaticization”.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-07-252019
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 32
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.11435/gengo.154.0_53
Other: shh2233
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Title: Gengo Kenkyu
  Other : 言語研究
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: The Linguistic Society of Japan
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 154 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 53 - 84 Identifier: ISSN: 0024-3914
ISSN: 2185-6710
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0024-3914