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  Palaeo-Eskimo genetic ancestry and the peopling of Chukotka and North America

Flegontov, P., Altınışık, N. E., Changmai, P., Rohland, N., Mallick, S., Adamski, N., et al. (2019). Palaeo-Eskimo genetic ancestry and the peopling of Chukotka and North America. Nature, 570, 236-240. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1251-y.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-BF36-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-D8AC-8
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Flegontov, Pavel, Author
Altınışık, N. Ezgi, Author
Changmai, Piya, Author
Rohland, Nadin, Author
Mallick, Swapan, Author
Adamski, Nicole, Author
Bolnick, Deborah A., Author
Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen, Author
Candilio, Francesca, Author
Culleton, Brendan J., Author
Flegontova, Olga, Author
Friesen, T. Max, Author
Jeong, Choongwon1, Author              
Harper, Thomas K., Author
Keating, Denise, Author
Kennett, Douglas J., Author
Kim, Alexander M., Author
Lamnidis, Thiseas Christos1, Author              
Lawson, Ann Marie, Author
Olalde, Iñigo, Author
Oppenheimer, Jonas, AuthorPotter, Ben A., AuthorRaff, Jennifer, AuthorSattler, Robert A., AuthorSkoglund, Pontus, AuthorStewardson, Kristin, AuthorVajda, Edward J., AuthorVasilyev, Sergey, AuthorVeselovskaya, Elizaveta, AuthorO’Rourke, M. Geoffrey Hayes Dennis H., AuthorKrause, Johannes1, Author              Pinhasi, Ron, AuthorSchiffels, Stephan1, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Next-generation sequencing, Population genetics
 Abstract: Much of the American Arctic was first settled 5,000 years ago, by groups of people known as Palaeo-Eskimos. They were subsequently joined and largely displaced around 1,000 years ago by ancestors of the present-day Inuit and Yup’ik. The genetic relationship between Palaeo-Eskimos and Native American, Inuit, Yup’ik and Aleut populations remains uncertain. Here we present genomic data for 48 ancient individuals from Chukotka, East Siberia, the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, and the Canadian Arctic. We co-analyse these data with data from present-day Alaskan Iñupiat and West Siberian populations and published genomes. Using methods based on rare-allele and haplotype sharing, as well as established techniques, we show that Palaeo-Eskimo-related ancestry is ubiquitous among people who speak Na-Dene and Eskimo–Aleut languages. We develop a comprehensive model for the Holocene peopling events of Chukotka and North America, and show that Na-Dene-speaking peoples, people of the Aleutian Islands, and Yup’ik and Inuit across the Arctic region all share ancestry from a single Palaeo-Eskimo-related Siberian source.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-06-052019-06-13
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 21
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1251-y
Other: shh2247
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Title: Nature
  Abbreviation : Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 570 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 236 - 240 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427238