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  Preschool children and chimpanzees incur costs to watch punishment of antisocial others

Mendes, N., Steinbeis, N., Bueno-Guerra, N., Call, J., & Singer, T. (2017). Preschool children and chimpanzees incur costs to watch punishment of antisocial others. Nature Human Behaviour, 2, 45-51. doi:10.1038/s41562-017-0264-5.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-FF73-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-FF74-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Mendes, Natacha1, Author              
Steinbeis, Nikolaus1, 2, 3, Author              
Bueno-Guerra, Nereida4, 5, Author
Call, Josep4, 6, Author
Singer, Tania1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, the Nehterlands, ou_persistent22              
3Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Spain, ou_persistent22              
6School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St Andrews, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: When misfortune befalls another, humans may feel distress, leading to a motivation to escape. When such misfortune is perceived as justified, however, it may be experienced as rewarding and lead to motivation to witness the misfortune. We explored when in human ontogeny such a motivation emerges and whether the motivation is shared by chimpanzees. Chimpanzees and four- to six-year-old children learned through direct interaction that an agent was either prosocial or antisocial and later saw each agent’s punishment. They were given the option to invest physical effort (chimpanzees) or monetary units (children) to continue watching. Chimpanzees and six-year-olds showed a preference for watching punishment of the antisocial agent. An additional control experiment in chimpanzees suggests that these results cannot be attributed to more generic factors such as scene coherence or informational value seeking. This indicates that both six-year-olds and chimpanzees have a motivation to watch deserved punishment enacted.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-03-212017-11-092017-12-18
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41562-017-0264-5
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Title: Nature Human Behaviour
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Research
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 45 - 51 Identifier: ISSN: 2397-3374
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2397-3374