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  Social feedback processing from early to late adolescence: Influence of sex, age, and attachment style

Vrticka, P., Sander, D., Anderson, B., Badoud, D., Eliez, S., & Dabenne, M. (2014). Social feedback processing from early to late adolescence: Influence of sex, age, and attachment style. Brain and Behavior, 4(5), 703-720. doi:10.1002/brb3.251.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-F2FD-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-F2FE-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Vrticka, Pascal1, 2, 3, 4, Author              
Sander, David3, 4, Author
Anderson, Brittany3, Author
Badoud, Deborah5, 6, Author
Eliez, Stephan6, 7, Author
Dabenne, Martin5, 6, 8, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
3Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
4Laboratory for the Study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression, Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
5Adolescence Clinical Psychology Unit, University of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Genetic Medicine and Development, University of Geneva, Switzerland, ou_persistent22              
8Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Adolescence; Age; Attachment style; fMRI; Sex; Social feedback processing
 Abstract: Objective The establishment of an accurate understanding of one's social context is a central developmental task during adolescence. A critical component of such development is to learn how to integrate the objective evaluation of one's behavior with the social response to the latter—here referred to as social feedback processing. Case report We measured brain activity by means of fMRI in 33 healthy adolescents (12–19 years old, 14 females). Participants played a difficult perceptual game with integrated verbal and visual feedback. Verbal feedback provided the participants with objective performance evaluation (won vs. lost). Visual feedback consisted of either smiling or angry faces, representing positive or negative social evaluations. Together, the combination of verbal and visual feedback gave rise to congruent versus incongruent social feedback combinations. In addition to assessing sex differences, we further tested for the effects of age and attachment style on social feedback processing. Results revealed that brain activity during social feedback processing was significantly modulated by sex, age, and attachment style in prefrontal cortical areas, ventral anterior cingulate cortex, anterior insula, caudate, and amygdala/hippocampus. We found indication for heightened activity during incongruent social feedback processing in females, older participants, and individuals with an anxious attachment style. Conversely, we observed stronger activity during processing of congruent social feedback in males and participants with an avoidant attachment style. Conclusion Our findings not only extend knowledge on the typical development of socio-emotional brain function during adolescence, but also provide first clues on how attachment insecurities, and particularly attachment avoidance, could interfere with the latter mechanisms.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-06-172014-04-102014-06-222014-09-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/brb3.251
PMID: 25328847
PMC: PMC4113975
Other: Epub 2014
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Title: Brain and Behavior
  Abbreviation : Brain Behav
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 (5) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 703 - 720 Identifier: ISSN: 2162-3279 (e-only)
CoNE: /journals/resource/2162-3279